We assessed the impact of patient and procedural characteristics on the outcome after
emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for failed percutaneous transluminal
coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and temporal changes in these factors.
Patients who underwent PTCA and subsequent emergency CABG were identified from the
databases of the Departments of Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery.
Two periods of clinical practice were compared. In 1989 to 1993, 2,880 PTCAs were
performed, 64 patients underwent emergency CABG (2.3%), and 7 patients died (10.9%).
During 1994 to 1998, 46 patients of 3,801 PTCAs underwent emergency CABG (1.2%, p
< 0.01), and 7 patients died (15.2%, NS). The average rate of stenting increased from
0.8% to 24% in 1994 to 1998 as well as the frequency of arterial bypass grafts (0%
vs 39%). In the latter period, patients were older, were more often females, had more
cardiovascular risk factors, a higher Cleveland score (each p < 0.05), and suffered
more often from periprocedural myocardial infarctions (p < 0.001) and nonfatal periprocedural
complications (p < 0.01).
Although the frequency of emergency CABG after failed PTCA declined, perioperative
mortality tended to increase according to an unfavorable shift in patient risk factors