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      Urinary Deoxypyridinoline Excretion for the Evaluation of Bone Turnover in Chronic Renal Failure

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          Abstract

          Background: The urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline (DPD) was evaluated in predialysis chronic renal failure (CRF), together with intact PTH and several classic markers of bone turnover in order to assess whether urine free and total DPD excretion are equivalent parameters of bone turnover in CRF, and to evaluate the relationship between urine DPD excretion, PTH and the other bone markers. Methods: The study was carried out in 94 patients with different degrees of renal failure due to various kidney diseases. Besides urinary DPD expressed as free DPD, total DPD, free/total DPD, free DPD/Cr and total DPD/Cr, the following determinations were made: intact PTH, bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), total alkaline phosphatase (AP), osteocalcin (BGP), serum C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type I (ICTP) and hydroxyproline (OHpro). The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the increasing severity of renal failure (Ccr >40, 40–20, <20 ml/min). Results: The ratio free/total DPD decreased (NS) with advancing renal failure, and was inversely correlated with total DPD excretion. While PTH increased progressively to about four times the values observed in the Ccr >40 group, there was a parallel increase only in BGP and ICTP, parameters retained in the serum with decreasing renal function, while AP, BALP, total DPD and OHpro did not change. However, significant correlations between total DPD/Cr and PTH, BALP, BGP and ICTP were also found. Conclusions: In CRF free DPD is an unreliable index of bone turnover due to a probable interference in its production from the peptide-bound DPD. Total DPD or total DPD/Cr are better used. In spite of the significant correlations observed in advanced renal failure between PTH and most of the parameters examined, a resistance of bone tissue to PTH action in CRF must be considered.

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          Most cited references 1

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          Molecular basis and clinical application of biological markers of bone turnover

           M S Calvo (1996)
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            AJN
            Am J Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.0250-8095
            American Journal of Nephrology
            S. Karger AG
            0250-8095
            1421-9670
            2000
            August 2000
            01 September 2000
            : 20
            : 4
            : 283-290
            Affiliations
            aRenal Pathophysiology and Hypertension Unit, Institute of 2nd Medical Clinics, La Sapienza University and bInstitute Superiore Sanità, Rome, Italy
            Article
            13602 Am J Nephrol 2000;20:283–290
            10.1159/000013602
            10970981
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 2, Tables: 3, References: 28, Pages: 8
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13602
            Categories
            Clinical Study

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