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      Is Aluminum Toxicity Responsible for Uremic Pruritus in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients?

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          Abstract

          Pruritus is a common symptom among patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis. However, its etiology remains unclear. In an attempt to clarify its cause we tried to correlate pruritus and its intensity with several serological variables in 94 hemodialysis patients. Our results show that higher serum aluminum concentrations are found in dialysis patients with pruritus (p = 0.008) and that the intensity of pruritus is also significantly related to the aluminum concentration (p = 0.007). The intensity of pruritus was also correlated with the calcium-phosphate product (p = 0.03). Our findings suggest that prolonged exposure to aluminum in patients with chronic renal failure might be involved in the pathogenesis of uremic pruritus and elevated calcium-phosphate product seems to be an additional factor predisposing to pruritus.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1997
          1997
          19 December 2008
          : 75
          : 1
          : 48-53
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, and b3rd Surgical Clinic, Hygeia Hospital, Athens, Greece
          Article
          189499 Nephron 1997;75:48–53
          10.1159/000189499
          9031270
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

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