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      La discusión sobre el aborto provocado en el Congreso Nacional Brasileño: el papel del movimiento de mujeres Translated title: The discussion on induced abortion in the Brazilian Congress: the role of the women's movement

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          Abstract

          El aborto provocado es un tema que ha sido muy discutido en Brasil desde hace mucho años, sin que se haya conseguido cambiar el texto del Código Penal vigente desde 1940. El Código considera que el aborto es ilegal y un crimen contra la vida. Solamente es permitido em dos casos: si no hay otra forma de salvar la vida de la embarazada o si el embarazo resulta de una violación y el aborto es precedido por el consentimiento de la embarazada. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar como se ha enfrentado el problema del aborto a nível de políticas gubernamentales y legislativas, especificamente la discusión en el Congreso Nacional considerando la actuación del movimiento de mujeres. En este ensayo es enfocado el debate sobre el aborto provocado en el poder legislativo y como éste fue precedido, acompañado y seguido por acciones del movimiento organizado de mujeres. Otros actores políticos y sociales involucrados en el debate, tal como la Iglesia Católica, sectores de la categoria médica y las religiones evangélicas, son mencionadas.

          Translated abstract

          Induced abortion has been discussed in Brazil for many years without producing changes in the Penal Code in force since 1940 and according to which it is illegal and a crime against life. There are only two circumstances in which induced abortion is allowed: when there is no other recourse for saving the pregnant woman' life, and when the pregnancy resulted from rape and the abortion is preceded by the woman's informed consent. The purpose of this article is to show how the abortion problem has been dealt with under executive and legislative policies, focusing especially on discussion in Congress considering the role of organized women's groups. The study focuses on the legislative debate on induced abortion and how it was preceded, accompanied, and followed by actions by the women's groups. Other political and social actors involved in the debate, such as the Catholic Church, sectors of the medical community, and protestant religions are mentioned.

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          Most cited references1

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          Aborto clandestino: uma realidade latino-americana

          (1994)
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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            csp
            Cadernos de Saúde Pública
            Cad. Saúde Pública
            Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Rio de Janeiro )
            1678-4464
            June 1996
            : 12
            : 2
            : 259-266
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Estadual de Campinas Brazil
            [2 ] Centro de Pesquisas em Saúde Reprodutiva de Campinas Brazil
            Article
            S0102-311X1996000200015
            10.1590/S0102-311X1996000200015
            20badeca-8772-400f-a4fb-916e4fa9434f

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            History
            Product

            SciELO Public Health

            Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0102-311X&lng=en
            Categories
            Health Policy & Services

            Public health
            Women's Movement,Women's Health,Aborto,Aborto Provocado,Legislación,Movimiento de Mujeres,Salud de la Mujer,Abortion,Induced Abortion,Legislation

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