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      Intrauterine growth restriction - part 2.

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          Abstract

          Small for gestational age (SGA) infants have been classically defined as having birth weight less than two standard deviations below the mean or less than the 10th percentile of a population-specific birth weight for specific gestational age, whereas intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has been defined as a rate of foetal growth that is less than normal for the population and for the growth potential of a specific infant. SGA infants have more frequent problems such as perinatal asphyxia, hypothermia, hypoglycaemia, polycythaemia and many more when compared with their appropriate for gestational age counterpart. They too have growth retardation and various major and subtle neurodevelopmental handicaps, with higher rates of perinatal and neonatal mortality. With the advent of newer technologies, even though the perinatal diagnosis of these SGA/IUGR foetuses has increased, but still perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are higher than normal foetuses and infants. In this part, we have covered neonatal IUGR classification, postnatal diagnosis, short-term and long-term complications faced by these IUGR infants.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.
          The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
          Informa UK Limited
          1476-4954
          1476-4954
          Dec 2016
          : 29
          : 24
          Affiliations
          [1 ] a Department of Pediatrics , Pt B.D. Sharma, Post Graduate Institute of Medical and Sciences , Rohtak , Haryana , India .
          [2 ] b Department of Pediatrics , Shiraz University of Medicine , Shiraz , Iran .
          [3 ] c Department of Pathology , N.K.P Salve Medical College , Nagpur , Maharashtra , India , and.
          [4 ] d R.N.T Medical College , Udaipur , Rajasthan , India.
          Article
          10.3109/14767058.2016.1154525
          26979578

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