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      Suicide and self-injury among college students of Yao nationality in Guangxi and its relationship with psychological adjustment ability

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the status of suicide and self-injury among college students of Yao nationality in Guangxi and their relationship with psychological adjustment ability, and to support the prevention and intervention of suicide and self-injury behavior of Yao university students.

          Methods From April to May 2019, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 844 Yao university students in three universities in Guangxi in demographics, psychological resilience, and forgiveness.

          Results Among the students of the Yao ethnic group in Guangxi, 10.90% had suicidal ideation; 4.62% had suicide plan; 3.55% had suicide preparation; 2.84% had suicidal action; and 12.56% had suicidal behavior. The total scores of students with suicidal ideation in Psychological Resilience, Self-Compassion and Hearland Forgiveness Scale were significantly lower than those without suicidal ideation, which was statistically significant ( t = -3.74, -5.54, -4.97, P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that a high score for forgiveness was negatively correlated with suicidal behavior ( OR = 0.28) and self-harm behavior ( OR = 0.32) ( P< 0.05).

          Conclusion The psychological resilience, forgiveness, and self-compassion of Yao college students are closely related to suicide-related psychological behaviors and self-harm behaviors. Suicide and self-harm behaviors can be reduced by improving the self-psychological adjustment ability of Yao college students.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解广西瑶族在校大学生自杀、自伤行为状况及其与心理调适能力之间的关系, 为瑶族大学生自杀 和自伤行为的预防及干预提供支持。 方法 于2019年4一5月, 采用随机分层整群抽样的方法对广西3所高校844名在 校瑶族大学生进行人口学及心理复原力、宽恕等问卷调查。 结果 广西瑶族大学生中存在自杀意念的学生占10.90%, 存 在自杀计划的占4.62%, 有自杀准备的占3.55%, 存在自杀行动的占2.84%, 存在自伤行为的占12.56%。存在自杀意念学 生的心理复原力、自我怜悯、Hearland宽恕量表总得分均低于无自杀意念学生, 差异均有统计学意义 ( t 值分别为-3.74, -5.54, -4.97, P值均<0.01)。多因素Logistic回归分析显示, 宽恕他人得分高与自杀心理行为 ( OR = 0.28) 和自伤行为 ( OR = 0.32) 均呈负相关( P 值均<0.05)。 结论 瑶族大学生心理复原力、宽恕、自我怜悯等与自杀相关心理行为、自伤行为间 存在密切联系, 可通过提高瑶族大学生自我心理调适能力来降低自杀和自伤行为的发生。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 July 2020
          01 July 2020
          : 41
          : 7
          : 983-986
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Physical Education, Guangxi Normal University of Science and Technology, Laibin (546199), Guangxi Province, China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.07.007
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.07.007
          20c11d66-072b-4a6b-a854-1ae3442666d8
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Suicide,Self-injurious behavior,Mental health,Minority groups,Regression analysis,Students

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