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      Isozymes of the Na-K-ATPase: heterogeneity in structure, diversity in function

      1 , 1

      American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology

      American Physiological Society

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          Organization of P-type ATPases: significance of structural diversity.

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            The adhesion molecule on glia (AMOG) is a homologue of the beta subunit of the Na,K-ATPase

            AMOG (adhesion molecule on glia) is a Ca2(+)-independent adhesion molecule which mediates selective neuron-astrocyte interaction in vitro (Antonicek, H., E. Persohn, and M. Schachner. 1987. J. Cell Biol. 104:1587-1595). Here we report the structure of AMOG and its association with the Na,K-ATPase. The complete cDNA sequence of mouse AMOG revealed 40% amino acid identity with the previously cloned beta subunit of rat brain Na,K-ATPase. Immunoaffinity-purified AMOG and the beta subunit of detergent-purified brain Na,K-ATPase had identical apparent molecular weights, and were immunologically cross-reactive. Immunoaffinity-purified AMOG was associated with a protein of 100,000 Mr. Monoclonal antibodies revealed that this associated protein comprised the alpha 2 (and possibly alpha 3) isoforms of the Na,K- ATPase catalytic subunit, but not alpha 1. The monoclonal AMOG antibody that blocks adhesion was shown to interact with Na,K-ATPase in intact cultured astrocytes by its ability to increase ouabain-inhibitable 86Rb+ uptake. AMOG-mediated adhesion occurred, however, both at 4 degrees C and in the presence of ouabain, an inhibitor of the Na,K- ATPase. Both AMOG and the beta subunit are predicted to be extracellularly exposed glycoproteins with single transmembrane segments, quite different in structure from the Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit or any other ion pump. We hypothesize that AMOG or variants of the beta subunit of the Na,K-ATPase, tightly associated with an alpha subunit, are recognition elements for adhesion that subsequently link cell adhesion with ion transport.
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              Molecular cloning and immunological characterization of the gamma polypeptide, a small protein associated with the Na,K-ATPase

              The gamma subunit of the Na,K-ATPase is a small membrane protein that copurifies with the alpha and beta subunits of the enzyme. Strong evidence that the gamma subunit is a component of the Na,K-ATPase comes from studies indicating that the subunit is involved in forming the site for cardiac glycoside binding. We have isolated and characterized the cDNAs coding the gamma subunit from several species. The gamma subunit is a highly conserved protein consisting of 58 amino acids with a molecular weight of 6500. Hydropathy analysis reveals the presence of a single hydrophobic domain that is sufficient to cross the membrane. There are no sites for N-linked glycosylation. Northern blot analysis revealed that the gamma subunit mRNA is expressed in a tissue-specific fashion and is present in all tissues characterized. gamma-specific antibodies have been used to verify that the sequenced protein is the same protein labeled by [3H]nitroazidobenzoyl-ouabain (NAB-ouabain), and that this protein, the gamma subunit of the Na,K-ATPase, has a distribution pattern along nephron segments that is identical with the alpha subunit. In addition, coimmunoprecipitation of the alpha, beta and gamma subunits demonstrate specific association of the subunits. These results are consistent with the notion that the gamma subunit is specifically associated with and may be an important component of the Na,K-ATPase.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology
                American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology
                American Physiological Society
                1931-857X
                1522-1466
                November 1998
                November 1998
                : 275
                : 5
                : F633-F650
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110
                Article
                10.1152/ajprenal.1998.275.5.F633
                © 1998

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