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      Effect of Dialysis on Plasma Total Antioxidant Capacity and Lipid Peroxidation Products in Patients with End-Stage Renal Failure

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          Dialysis is associated with an impairment of antioxidant defense and an overproduction of oxidative stress markers. This study focuses on the comparison of plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and lipid peroxidation products in patients on hemodialysis (HD) before and after treatment and in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Plasma TAC, malonaldehyde (MDA), and 4-hydroxyalkenal concentrations were measured in 31 HD patients, in 24 PD patients, and in 17 normal controls (NC). It was found that before HD, TAC and MDA levels were higher than those in the NC (p < 0.001). After HD, these levels decreased significantly but were higher than in NC and lower than in PD patients (p < 0.001). The levels of 4-hydroxyalkenals were elevated in patients as compared with NC, but did not differ between HD and PD patients. The MDA concentrations correlated positively with the TAC in the patients. It is concluded that the oxidative status of patients on HD is similar to that of patients on PD and that the susceptibility to oxidative stress is strongly related to the levels of MDA produced in plasma.

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          An Overview of Haemodialysis and Oxidant Stress

          Today’s patient population is increasingly older. Patients with chronic renal failure therefore start extracorporeal substitutive treatment having congestive heart failure, chronic liver disease, diabetes and so forth. In these patients, however, long-term haemodialytic treatment may add further aggravation on their pre-existing pathological conditions. Oxidative stress and alterations in lipid metabolism are caused by haemodialysis mainly due to (1) bioincompatibility type of reactions such as production of reactive oxygen species by inflammatory cells due to complement-mediated or -independent pathways, and (2) the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants due to the diffusive loss of hydrophilic vitamins such as ascorbic acid. The events related to the oxidant stress may sustain a state of chronic inflammation. Recent advances suggest that atherosclerosis and proliferation of the smooth muscle are initiated and sustained by inflammatory mechanisms. Therefore, attempts to counterbalance the prooxidant effect of haemodialysis and to reduce the chronic inflammatory state will be presented.
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            Plasma malonaldehyde levels during myocardial infarction


              Author and article information

              Blood Purif
              Blood Purification
              S. Karger AG
              05 June 2003
              : 21
              : 3
              : 209-212
              aBiochemical Department and bRenal Unit, ‘Alexandra’ Hospital, Athens, Greece
              70691 Blood Purif 2003;21:209–212
              © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

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              Figures: 2, Tables: 1, References: 12, Pages: 4
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