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      Enhanced detection limit by dark mode perturbation in 2D photonic crystal slab refractive index sensors.

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          Abstract

          We demonstrate for the first time a 300nm thick, 300μm × 300μm 2D dielectric photonic crystal slab membrane with a quality factor of 10,600 by coupling light to slightly perturbed dark modes through alternating nano-hole sizes. The newly created fundamental guided resonances greatly reduce nano-fabrication accuracy requirements. Moreover, we created a new layer architecture resulting in electric field enhancement at the interface between the slab and sensing regions, and spectral sensitivity of >800 nm/RIU, that is, >0.8 of the single-mode theoretical upper limit of spectral sensitivity.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Opt Express
          Optics express
          1094-4087
          1094-4087
          Dec 16 2013
          : 21
          : 25
          Article
          276099
          24514742

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