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      Narrar o mundo: estórias do "povo da rua" e a narração do imprevisível

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          Abstract

          Enquanto narrativas podem ser pensadas como produtoras de "ordenamentos" e como manifestações simbólicas de formas ideológicas, por outro lado, podemos também enfatizar a dimensão poética da narrativa, apontando a produção de significados e a proliferação de signos mediados pelo ato de narrar o mundo. A partir desta perspectiva teórica, este ensaio busca explorar as muitas estórias sobre os chamados espíritos do "povo da rua", enfatizando a dimensão performativa da narrativa. Contadas por "clientes", "filhos-de-santo" e pelos próprios "espíritos", tais narrativas não são meramente simbólicas ou representativas, mas também constitutivas do próprio "poder sobrenatural" tido como inerente aos espíritos. Mais do que narrar uma "realidade" supostamente exterior a elas, as estórias tornam-se parte inextricável da "realidade" que narram. Ao deslocar o foco para além dos rituais demarcados espacial e temporalmente, a narrativa etnográfica busca aqui articular um espaço interpretativo onde se possa evocar a socialidade do narrar o mundo.

          Translated abstract

          Although narratives can be conceived both as a mode of 'ordering' meaning and as symbolic manifestations of ideological forms, the poetic dimension of narrativity also involves the production of meanings and a proliferation of signs mediated by the act of 'narrating the world.' Adopting this theoretical premise, the essay seeks to explore the many stories of the so-called spirits of the 'povo da rua' ('street people'), emphasizing the performative dimension of narrative. Recounted by 'clients,' 'practitioners' and the spirits themselves, such narratives are not only symbolic or representative, but also constitutive of the 'supernatural power' attributed to the spirits. More than narrate a reality external to the stories, the narratives themselves become an inextricable part of the reality they narrate. By shifting the focus away from the framed space and time of ritual, the ethnographic narrative also seeks to evoke the very sociality of this narrating of the world.

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          Most cited references 60

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            City of Walls: Crime, Segregation and Citizenship in Sao Paulo

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                s_mana
                Mana
                Mana
                Programa de Pós-Graduação em Antropologia Social - PPGAS-Museu Nacional, da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ (Rio de Janeiro )
                0104-9313
                October 2007
                : 13
                : 2
                : 317-345
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Brazil
                Article
                S0104-93132007000200002
                10.1590/S0104-93132007000200002

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                Product Information: SciELO Brazil

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