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      Compressed Sensing Linear Array SAR Autofocusing Imaging via Semi-definite Programming

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          Abstract

          Linear Array Synthetic Aperture Radar (LASAR) is a novel and promising radar imaging technique. In recent years, Compressed Sensing (CS) sparse recovery has been a research focus for high-resolution three-Dimensional (3-D) LASAR imaging. Compared with the traditional two-Dimensional (2-D) SAR imaging, LASAR suffers from many problems, including under-sampling data and multi-dimensional and higher-order phase errors due to its sparse Linear Array Antenna (LAA) and the joint 2-D motions of the platform and LAA. The conventional autofocusing methods of 2-D SAR may be not suitable for CS-based LASAR 3-D sparse autofocusing. To address the multi-dimensional and higher-order phase errors in LASAR 3-D imaging with respect to under-sampling data, in this paper, we propose a sparse autofocusing algorithm based on semidefinite programming for CS-based LASAR imaging. First, by combining CS-based imaging theory, image maximum sharpness, and the minimum square error principle, we construct a LASAR phase-error estimation model based on under-sampled data. Next, we use semi-definite programming relaxation to estimate the phase errors. Lastly, we employ an iterated approximation method to improve the precision of the phase-error estimation and achieve the final CS-based LASAR autofocusing. To further improve the efficiency of the algorithm, we select only the dominant scattering areas for LASAR phase-error estimation. We present our simulation and experimental results to confirm the effectiveness of out proposed algorithm.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Radars
          Chinese Academy of Sciences
          01 December 2018
          : 7
          : 6
          : 664-675
          Affiliations
          [1 ] (School of Electronic Engineering University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China)
          Article
          8d2faacf8849440da6fb126f6ba7efe7
          10.12000/JR17103

          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Categories
          Technology (General)
          T1-995

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