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      Ambiguities in existing Iranian national policies addressing excessive gaming : Commentary on: Policy responses to problematic video game use: A systematic review of current measures and future possibilities (Király et al., 2018)

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          Abstract

          Considering the scarcity of available science and controversies around effective policies addressing gaming disorder and its health-related consequences, Király et al. have conducted a systematic review on current evidence regarding this issue. We, a group of researchers in this field, would like to express our perspective from Iran. With rapid growth of gaming, Iran seems to be facing some specific policy issues and challenges, which are going to be reviewed in this short commentary.

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          Policy responses to problematic video game use: A systematic review of current measures and future possibilities

           Orsolya Király (corresponding) ,  Mark Griffiths,  Daniel L King (2017)
          Empirical research into problematic video game playing suggests that overuse might cause functional and psychological impairments for a minority of gamers. Therefore, the need for regulation in the case of video games (whether governmental or self-imposed) has arisen but has only been implemented in a few countries around the world, and predominantly in Asia. This paper provides a systematic review of current and potential policies addressing problematic gaming. After conducting a systematic search in the areas of prevention, treatment, and policy measures relating to problematic Internet and video game use, papers were selected that targeted problematic gaming policies ( N  = 12; six in English and six in Korean). These papers served as the basis of this review. Policies were classified into three major groups: (i) policy measures limiting availability of video games (e.g., shutdown policy, fatigue system, and parental controls), (ii) measures aiming to reduce risk and harm (e.g., warning messages), and (iii) measures taken to provide help services for gamers. Beyond the attempt to classify the current and potential policy measures, the authors also tried to evaluate their efficiency theoretically and (if data were available) empirically. Overall, it appears that although several steps have been taken to address problematic video game playing, most of these steps were not as effective as expected, or had not been evaluated empirically for efficacy. The reason for this may lie in the fact that the policies outlined only addressed or influenced specific aspects of the problem instead of using a more integrative approach.
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            Policy responses to problematic video game use: A systematic review of current measures and future possibilities

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              Inclusion of gaming disorder in the diagnostic classifications and promotion of public health response

              There are ongoing controversies regarding the upcoming ICD-11 concept of gaming disorder. Recently, Aarseth et al. have put this diagnostic entity into scrutiny. Although we, a group of Iranian researchers and clinicians, acknowledge some of Aarseth et al.’s concerns, believe that the inclusion of gaming disorder in the upcoming ICD-11 would facilitate necessary steps to raise public awareness, enhance development of proper diagnostic approaches and treatment interventions, and improve health and non-health policies.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jba
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                19 July 2018
                September 2018
                : 7
                : 3
                : 540-542
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ]Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran
                [ 2 ]Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran
                [ 3 ]Department of Neuroscience and Addiction Studies, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran
                [ 4 ]Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Dr. Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, MD, MPH; Director of the Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, No. 486, Qazvin Square, South Karegar Avenue, Tehran 13366 16357, Iran; Phone: +98 21 55421155; Fax: +98 21 55412232; E-mail: rahimia@ 123456tums.ac.ir
                Article
                10.1556/2006.7.2018.63
                6426390
                30022677
                © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 7, Pages: 3
                Funding
                Funding sources: Development of this paper was supported by grant number 132/676 with Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
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