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      Habitat Management to Conserve Natural Enemies of Arthropod Pests in Agriculture

      1 , 2 , 3 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 1 , 2 , 3

      Annual Review of Entomology

      Annual Reviews

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          Abstract

          Many agroecosystems are unfavorable environments for natural enemies due to high levels of disturbance. Habitat management, a form of conservation biological control, is an ecologically based approach aimed at favoring natural enemies and enhancing biological control in agricultural systems. The goal of habitat management is to create a suitable ecological infrastructure within the agricultural landscape to provide resources such as food for adult natural enemies, alternative prey or hosts, and shelter from adverse conditions. These resources must be integrated into the landscape in a way that is spatially and temporally favorable to natural enemies and practical for producers to implement. The rapidly expanding literature on habitat management is reviewed with attention to practices for favoring predators and parasitoids, implementation of habitat management, and the contributions of modeling and ecological theory to this developing area of conservation biological control. The potential to integrate the goals of habitat management for natural enemies and nature conservation is discussed.

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          Most cited references 122

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          Organization of a Plant-Arthropod Association in Simple and Diverse Habitats: The Fauna of Collards (Brassica Oleracea)

           Richard Root (1973)
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            Vegetational Diversity and Arthropod Population Response

             D Andow (1991)
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              Herbivore-infested plants selectively attract parasitoids

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Annual Review of Entomology
                Annu. Rev. Entomol.
                Annual Reviews
                0066-4170
                1545-4487
                January 2000
                January 2000
                : 45
                : 1
                : 175-201
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Entomology and Center for Integrated Plant Systems, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, Michigan, 48824, email: ,
                [2 ]Division of Soil, Plant and Ecological Sciences, PO Box 84, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand; email: ,
                [3 ]Pest Management Group, Orange Agricultural College, The University of Sydney, Orange, NSW, 2800, Australia; email:
                Article
                10.1146/annurev.ento.45.1.175
                10761575
                © 2000

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