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      Choosing Not to Dialyse: Evaluation of Planned Non-Dialytic Management in a Cohort of Patients with End-Stage Renal Failure

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          Abstract

          Objectives: To study factors influencing the recommendation for palliative (non-dialytic) treatment in patients approaching end-stage renal failure and to study the subsequent outcome in patients choosing not to dialyse. Design: Cohort study of patients approaching end-stage renal failure who underwent multidisciplinary assessment and counselling about treatment options. Recruitment was over 54 months, and follow-up ranged from 3 to 57 months. Groups were defined on the basis of the therapy option recommended (palliative or renal replacement therapy). Setting: Renal unit in a district general hospital serving a population of about 1.15 million people. Subjects: 321 patients, mean age ± SD 61.5 ± 15.4 years (range: 16–92), 57% male, 30% diabetic. Main Outcome Measures: Survival, place of death (hospital or community). Results: Renal replacement therapy was recommended in 258 patients and palliative therapy in 63 (19.6%). By logistic regression analysis, patients recommended for palliative therapy were more functionally impaired (modified Karnofsky scale), older and more likely to have diabetes. The comorbidity severity score was not an independent predictor. Thirty-four patients eventually died during palliative treatment, 26 of whom died of renal failure. Ten patients recommended for palliative treatment opted for and were treated by dialysis. Median survival after dialysis initiation in these patients (8.3 months) was not significantly longer than survival beyond the putative date of dialysis initiation in palliatively treated patients (6.3 months). 65% of deaths occurring in dialysed patients took place in hospital compared with 27% in palliatively treated patients (p = 0.001). Conclusions: In high-risk, highly dependent patients with renal failure, the decision to dialyse or not has little impact on survival. Dialysis in such patients risks unnecessary medicalisation of death.

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          Dismal rehabilitation in geriatric inner-city hemodialysis patients

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEC
            Nephron Clin Pract
            10.1159/issn.1660-2110
            Nephron Clinical Practice
            S. Karger AG
            1660-2110
            2003
            October 2003
            17 November 2004
            : 95
            : 2
            : c40-c46
            Affiliations
            Renal Unit, Lister Hospital, Stevenage, UK
            Article
            73708 Nephron Clin Pract 2003;95:c40–c46
            10.1159/000073708
            14610329
            © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 4, Tables: 2, References: 17, Pages: 1
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            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/73708
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