The dysregulation of lncRNA TMPO antisense RNA 1 (TMPO-AS1) has been detected in various malignant tumors. However, the role of lncRNA TMPO-AS1 remains unclear in pancreatic carcinoma. The present study aimed to elucidate the functional mechanism of TMPO-AS1 in pancreatic carcinoma. In the present study, RT-qPCR, western blotting, MTT, Transwell, luciferase reporter and xenograft assays were used to investigate the role of lncRNA TMPO-AS1 in pancreatic carcinoma. Upregulation of lncRNA TMPO-AS1 was revealed in pancreatic carcinoma tissues and cells. Furthermore, knockdown of TMPO-AS1 restrained cell proliferation and motility in pancreatic carcinoma. In addition, microRNA (miR)-383-5p acted as a ‘sponge’ for lncRNA TMPO-AS1. The expression levels of lncRNA TMPO-AS1 and miR-383-5p were mutually inhibited in pancreatic carcinoma. Moreover, miR-383-5p was revealed to directly target SRY-related high-mobility group box 11 (SOX11). Notably, SOX11 could promote the occurrence of pancreatic carcinoma by interacting with the lncRNA TMPO-AS1/miR-383-5p axis. In conclusion, upregulation of lncRNA TMPO-AS1 promoted tumor growth, cell migration and invasion in pancreatic carcinoma by downregulating miR-383-5p and upregulating SOX11.