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      Metal emissions from Kilauea, and a suggested revision of the estimated worldwide metal output by quiescent degassing of volcanoes

      , , , ,

      Earth and Planetary Science Letters

      Elsevier BV

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          Most cited references 22

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          A global assessment of natural sources of atmospheric trace metals

           Jerome Nriagu (1989)
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            Atmospheric trace metals at remote northern and southern hemisphere sites: pollution or natural?

            The chemical composition of atmospheric particles collected near sea level over the North Atlantic indicates that Al, Sc, Mn, Fe, Co, Cr, Na, Mg, Ca, K, and Sr are derived from either crustal weathering or the ocean. The elements V, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Sb, and Se are present in concentrations higher than expected from these sources. Although the V is probably derived from pollution sources on the North American continent, a comparison of enrichment factors relative to average crustal material for the remainder of these elements over the North Atlantic with enrichment factors for similar samples collected at the geographic South Pole suggests that the anomalously high enrichment factors may be due to natural rather than anthropogenic sources. A vapor phase for these metals may be involved at their source.
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              Chlorine, Sulfur, and Water in Magmas and Oceans

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Earth and Planetary Science Letters
                Earth and Planetary Science Letters
                Elsevier BV
                0012821X
                July 1999
                July 1999
                : 170
                : 3
                : 315-325
                Article
                10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00103-X
                21d2133d-d673-4a10-8a1e-9bef14096f21
                © 1999

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