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      Barbiturate regulation of kinetic properties of the GABAA receptor channel of mouse spinal neurones in culture.

      The Journal of Physiology

      Animals, Cells, Cultured, Chlorides, physiology, Electrophysiology, Ion Channels, drug effects, Mice, Neurons, Pentobarbital, pharmacology, Phenobarbital, Receptors, GABA-A, Spinal Cord, cytology

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          Abstract

          1. Barbiturate regulation of the kinetic properties of gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABA) receptor channel chloride currents from somata of mouse spinal cord neurones were investigated using whole-cell and excised outside-out patch-clamp recording techniques. 2. GABA (2 microM), GABA (2 microM) plus phenobarbitone (PhB) (500 microM) and GABA (2 microM) plus pentobarbitone (PB) (50 microM), applied by pressure ejection from blunt perfusion micropipettes, evoked inward chloride currents when neurones or patches were voltage clamped at -75 mV and the chloride equilibrium potential was 0 mV. GABA receptor channel currents were increased by PhB and PB. 3. Single GABA receptor channel currents were recorded with a main conductance state of 27 pS and a less frequent subconductance state of 16.5 pS. The conductances of the two states were unchanged by the barbiturates. 4. The main conductance state kinetics were analysed. GABA alone or with the barbiturates gated the channel open singly and in groups of openings. 5. The barbiturates increased GABA receptor channel mean open time and shifted frequency histograms of channel open times to longer times. 6. Three exponential functions were required to fit the frequency histograms of GABA receptor channel open times, suggesting that the channel has at least three open states (O1, O2, O3). The time constants for the exponential functions (0.9, 2.7 and 7.8 ms, respectively) were unchanged by the barbiturates. The increases in mean open times and the shifts of the open-time frequency histograms by the barbiturates were due to a reduction in relative frequency of occurrence of the two short open states (O1 and O2) and to an increase in the relative frequency of occurrence of the longest open state (O3). 7. Frequency histograms of GABA receptor channel closed times were fitted with five exponential functions, suggesting that the channel has multiple closed states. None of the time constants nor areas of the exponential functions were significantly changed by the barbiturates. 8. For analysis, a burst was defined as openings surrounded by closures greater than a critical closed time, tc, of 5 ms. For GABA (2 microM), frequency histograms of GABA receptor channel bursts were fitted with three exponential functions, suggesting that the channel has three burst states (B1, B2, B3). The B1 burst state was probably a single opening to the O1 open state while the B2 and B3 burst states were probably composed of multiple openings to the O2 and O3 open states.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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          2482885
          1189279

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