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      Multiuser Charging Control in Wireless Power Transfer via Magnetic Resonant Coupling

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          Abstract

          Magnetic resonant coupling (MRC) is a practically appealing method for realizing the near-field wireless power transfer (WPT). The MRC-WPT system with a single pair of transmitter and receiver has been extensively studied in the literature, while there is limited work on the general setup with multiple transmitters and/or receivers. In this paper, we consider a point-to-multipoint MRC-WPT system with one transmitter sending power wirelessly to a set of distributed receivers simultaneously. We derive the power delivered to the load of each receiver in closed-form expression, and reveal a "near-far" fairness issue in multiuser power transmission due to users' distance-dependent mutual inductances with the transmitter. We also show that by designing the receivers' load resistances, the near-far issue can be optimally solved. Specifically, we propose a centralized algorithm to jointly optimize the load resistances to minimize the power drawn from the energy source at the transmitter under given power requirements for the loads. We also devise a distributed algorithm for the receivers to adjust their load resistances iteratively, for ease of practical implementation.

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          Most cited references 13

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          MIMO Broadcasting for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer

           Rui Zhang,  Chin Ho (2013)
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            Magnetic Resonant Coupling As a Potential Means for Wireless Power Transfer to Multiple Small Receivers

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              Energy Beamforming with One-Bit Feedback

               ,   (2014)
              Wireless energy transfer (WET) has attracted significant attention recently for providing energy supplies wirelessly to electrical devices without the need of wires or cables. Among different types of WET techniques, the radio frequency (RF) signal enabled far-field WET is most practically appealing to power energy constrained wireless networks in a broadcast manner. To overcome the significant path loss over wireless channels, multi-antenna or multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques have been proposed to enhance the transmission efficiency and distance for RF-based WET. However, in order to reap the large energy beamforming gain in MIMO WET, acquiring the channel state information (CSI) at the energy transmitter (ET) is an essential task. This task is particularly challenging for WET systems, since existing channel training and feedback methods used for communication receivers may not be implementable at the energy receiver (ER) due to its hardware limitation. To tackle this problem, in this paper we consider a multiuser MIMO system for WET, where a multiple-antenna ET broadcasts wireless energy to a group of multiple-antenna ERs concurrently via transmit energy beamforming. By taking into account the practical energy harvesting circuits at the ER, we propose a new channel learning method that requires only one feedback bit from each ER to the ET per feedback interval. The feedback bit indicates the increase or decrease of the harvested energy by each ER between the present and previous intervals, which can be measured without changing the existing hardware at the ER. Based on such feedback information, the ET adjusts transmit beamforming in different training intervals and at the same time obtains improved estimates of the MIMO channels to ERs by applying a new approach termed analytic center cutting plane method (ACCPM).
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                1502.02385

                Performance, Systems & Control

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