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      Children's vulnerability to toxic chemicals: a challenge and opportunity to strengthen health and environmental policy.

      Health affairs (Project Hope)

      Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Chronic Disease, prevention & control, Cost Control, legislation & jurisprudence, Environmental Exposure, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Policy, Hazardous Substances, toxicity, Health Care Costs, Health Policy, Humans, Infant, United States

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          Abstract

          A key policy breakthrough occurred nearly twenty years ago with the discovery that children are far more sensitive than adults to toxic chemicals in the environment. This finding led to the recognition that chemical exposures early in life are significant and preventable causes of disease in children and adults. We review this knowledge and recommend a new policy to regulate industrial and consumer chemicals that will protect the health of children and all Americans, prevent disease, and reduce health care costs. The linchpins of a new US chemical policy will be: first, a legally mandated requirement to test the toxicity of chemicals already in commerce, prioritizing chemicals in the widest use, and incorporating new assessment technologies; second, a tiered approach to premarket evaluation of new chemicals; and third, epidemiologic monitoring and focused health studies of exposed populations.

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          Journal
          21543423
          10.1377/hlthaff.2011.0151

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