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      Inference of Crosstalk Effects between DNA Methylation and lncRNA Regulation in NSCLC

      , 1 , 2

      BioMed Research International

      Hindawi

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          Abstract

          Intercellular crosstalk effects between DNA methylation and lncRNA regulation remain elusive in lung carcinoma epigenetics. We present an application toolkit MetLnc in integration and annotation for group-wise NSCLC tissue-based DNA methylation and lncRNA profiling resources, to comprehensively analyze differentially methylated loci and lncRNAs through genome-wide analysis. Together with multiple analytic functions, MetLnc acts as an efficient approach on epigenetic omics integration and interrogation. Via the benchmark with group-wise NSCLC tissue profiling and TCGA cohort resources, we study differentially methylated CpG loci and lncRNAs as meaningful clues for inferring crosstalk effects between DNA methylation and lncRNA regulation; together we conclude with investigated biomarkers for further epigenetics and clinical trial research.

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          Most cited references 11

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          High density DNA methylation array with single CpG site resolution.

          We have developed a new generation of genome-wide DNA methylation BeadChip which allows high-throughput methylation profiling of the human genome. The new high density BeadChip can assay over 480K CpG sites and analyze twelve samples in parallel. The innovative content includes coverage of 99% of RefSeq genes with multiple probes per gene, 96% of CpG islands from the UCSC database, CpG island shores and additional content selected from whole-genome bisulfite sequencing data and input from DNA methylation experts. The well-characterized Infinium® Assay is used for analysis of CpG methylation using bisulfite-converted genomic DNA. We applied this technology to analyze DNA methylation in normal and tumor DNA samples and compared results with whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) data obtained for the same samples. Highly comparable DNA methylation profiles were generated by the array and sequencing methods (average R2 of 0.95). The ability to determine genome-wide methylation patterns will rapidly advance methylation research. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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            Pan-Cancer Network Analysis Identifies Combinations of Rare Somatic Mutations across Pathways and Protein Complexes

            Cancers exhibit extensive mutational heterogeneity and the resulting long tail phenomenon complicates the discovery of the genes and pathways that are significantly mutated in cancer. We perform a Pan-Cancer analysis of mutated networks in 3281 samples from 12 cancer types from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) using HotNet2, a novel algorithm to find mutated subnetworks that overcomes limitations of existing single gene and pathway/network approaches.. We identify 14 significantly mutated subnetworks that include well-known cancer signaling pathways as well as subnetworks with less characterized roles in cancer including cohesin, condensin, and others. Many of these subnetworks exhibit co-occurring mutations across samples. These subnetworks contain dozens of genes with rare somatic mutations across multiple cancers; many of these genes have additional evidence supporting a role in cancer. By illuminating these rare combinations of mutations, Pan-Cancer network analyses provide a roadmap to investigate new diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities across cancer types.
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              Biomarker discovery in non-small cell lung cancer: integrating gene expression profiling, meta-analysis, and tissue microarray validation.

              Global gene expression profiling has been widely used in lung cancer research to identify clinically relevant molecular subtypes as well as to predict prognosis and therapy response. So far, the value of these multigene signatures in clinical practice is unclear, and the biologic importance of individual genes is difficult to assess, as the published signatures virtually do not overlap. Here, we describe a novel single institute cohort, including 196 non-small lung cancers (NSCLC) with clinical information and long-term follow-up. Gene expression array data were used as a training set to screen for single genes with prognostic impact. The top 450 probe sets identified using a univariate Cox regression model (significance level P < 0.01) were tested in a meta-analysis including five publicly available independent lung cancer cohorts (n = 860). The meta-analysis revealed 14 genes that were significantly associated with survival (P < 0.001) with a false discovery rate <1%. The prognostic impact of one of these genes, the cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1), was confirmed by use of immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays from 2 independent NSCLC cohorts, altogether including 617 NSCLC samples. Low CADM1 protein expression was significantly associated with shorter survival, with particular influence in the adenocarcinoma patient subgroup. Using a novel NSCLC cohort together with a meta-analysis validation approach, we have identified a set of single genes with independent prognostic impact. One of these genes, CADM1, was further established as an immunohistochemical marker with a potential application in clinical diagnostics.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biomed Res Int
                Biomed Res Int
                BMRI
                BioMed Research International
                Hindawi
                2314-6133
                2314-6141
                2018
                24 June 2018
                : 2018
                Affiliations
                1Epigenetics & Function Group, School of the Internet of Things, Hohai University, Jiangsu 213022, China
                2School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Umberto F. Petrillo

                Article
                10.1155/2018/7602794
                6035813
                Copyright © 2018 Binhua Tang.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Funding
                Funded by: Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province
                Award ID: BE2016655
                Award ID: BK20161196
                Funded by: Fundamental Research Funds for China Central Universities
                Award ID: 2016B08914
                Categories
                Research Article

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