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      From Islamic reform to Muslim activism : The evolution of an Islamist ideology in Kenya

      African Affairs

      Oxford University Press (OUP)

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          Abstract

          This article traces the evolution of an Islamist ideology in Kenya’s public discourse, putting Islamist ideas within a longer history of Muslim politics than most other studies. Specifically, it examines internal debates amongst the minority Muslim population of Kenya, and debates between Muslims and the state and Muslims and the wider Christian public, regarding how to improve the Muslim condition in a Christian-dominated country. The immediate background for the emergence of Islamist ideas is then discussed through an examination of trends since the 1990s, including increased contestations of religious and political authority, and responses to Muslim activism by the state and the wider Christian public. The article concludes that Islamist politics in Kenya, and elsewhere, are more often than not a result of local histories as much as they are part of a global Muslim ‘victimization’ narrative.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          African Affairs
          Oxford University Press (OUP)
          0001-9909
          1468-2621
          July 2019
          July 01 2019
          February 23 2019
          July 2019
          July 01 2019
          February 23 2019
          : 118
          : 472
          : 531-552
          Article
          10.1093/afraf/adz003
          © 2019

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