This study is to confirm the role of glycyrrhizin on blood pressure and to test the effects of glycyrrhizin on production of vascular aldosterone and corticosterone in rats. Male Wistar rats received glycyrrhizin (Sigma) 200 mg/kg/day p.o. for 5 weeks, and blood pressure was monitored by a pressure transducer. Systolic blood pressure significantly increased in Wistar rats treated with glycyrrhizin compared to that without glycyrrhizin. Mesenteric artery perfusion ex vivo and pressor responses to norepinephrine were performed. The pressor responses to norepinephrine in mesenteric arteries treated with glycyrrhizin were significantly increased. The perfusate from the mesenteric arteries was collected and applied to a Sep-Pak C 18 cartridge column, used for reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, and measured for both aldosterone and corticosterone by radioimmunoassay. Levels of aldosterone were decreased but those of corticosterone increased in perfusate from arteries treated with glycyrrhizin. RT-PCR showed that glycyrrhizin inhibited the expression of 11β- HSD2 and CYP11B2 mRNA in mesenteric arteries. These results confirm that glycyrrhizin is able to induce hypertension, and provide evidence that it inhibits the transcriptions of both 11β-HSD2 and CYP11B2 in the vasculature, leading to lower aldosterone and higher corticosterone production in vessels, and increased vasoconstrictor responses to norepinephrine.