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      A frequent deletion of chromosome 5q21 in advanced small cell and non-small cell carcinoma of the lung.

      Cancer research
      Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, genetics, pathology, Carcinoma, Small Cell, Chromosome Deletion, Chromosome Mapping, DNA, Neoplasm, analysis, Electrophoresis, Agar Gel, Genes, APC, Genes, Tumor Suppressor, Genetic Markers, Lung Neoplasms, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length

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          We have examined the deletion of the long arm of chromosome 5 (5q) in 59 cases of advanced lung cancer [39 cases of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), 20 cases of non-SCLC] using 12 restriction fragment length polymorphism markers on 5q. Of 59 lung cancer cases, 48 (81%) exhibited deletion at any portion of the 5q locus (loci). Such a high frequency of 5q deletion has not been reported in surgically resectable non-SCLC. One SCLC case showed a 5q deletion only in metastatic sites but not in the primary cancer. These data suggest that the inactivation of putative tumor-suppressor gene(s) on 5q may be a late event in the progression of lung cancer. There was no significant difference in frequency of 5q deletion between SCLC and non-SCLC. Compared to non-SCLC, however, SCLC usually showed widespread deletion on 5q. While the most frequent target region was estimated to be about 3-5 megabases at 5q21 around the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene locus, some cases showed more telomeric deletion (5q33-35), suggesting that there are at least two different tumor-suppressor genes on 5q associated with the progression of lung cancer.

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