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      Chronic Administration of a New Potent Agonist of Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Induces Compensatory Linear Growth in Growth Hormone-Deficient Rats: Mechanism of Action

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          Abstract

          To assess the efficacy of a potent agonist analog of GH-releasing hormone (GH-RH), [Dat<sup>1</sup>, Gln<sup>8</sup>, Orn<sup>12,21</sup>, Abu<sup>15</sup>, Nle<sup>27</sup>, Asp<sup>28</sup>, Agm<sup>29</sup>]hGH-RH(1–29) (JI-38), we investigated the effects of its chronic administration on growth responses in monosodium glutamate (MSG)-lesioned and normal young rats. Body weight (BW), body length (BL), tibia length (TIL), and tail length (TAL) were monitored. Basal serum GH concentrations, GH responses to bolus injections of GH-RH, pituitary GH and serum IGF-I concentrations were measured by RIA. Pituitary GH-RH receptor concentration and binding affinity was also evaluated after the treatment. Neonatal treatment with MSG resulted, as expected, in blunted growth and a decrease in serum and pituitary GH concentration and serum IGF-I levels. A reduction in GH-RH receptor concentration, associated with increased binding affinity of the GH-RH receptor was also found. Chronic administration of GH-RH agonist JI-38 in doses of 2 µg at 12-hour intervals for 2 weeks markedly increased the GH responsiveness to GH-RH and stimulated growth, with MSG-treated animals achieving the growth rate of normal controls. Acceleration of growth was associated with stimulated GH synthesis and IGF-I secretion, although basal serum GH levels did not change. Pituitary GH-RH receptor concentration and binding affinity were not significantly modified by the treatment. Treatment of normal young growing rats with agonist JI-38 did not further increase the normal growth acceleration in these rats, but stimulated the GH synthesis and augmented the GH secretory responsiveness. The treatment of MSG-lesioned rats with GH-RH agonist was generally more effective in female than in male animals, and in some cases masked the sex differences in growth rate. Our findings provide the first evidence that the blunted growth rate of the MSG-lesioned rats is associated with a decreased pituitary GH-RH receptor concentration. Our work demonstrates that administration of GH-RH agonist JI-38 is able to restore the normal growth rate of the GH-deficient rats by stimulating GH synthesis and IGF-I secretion.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1996
          1996
          09 April 2008
          : 64
          : 3
          : 169-176
          Affiliations
          aEndocrine, Polypeptide and Cancer Institute, Veterans Administration Medical Center, and bDepartment of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, La., USA
          Article
          127115 Neuroendocrinology 1996;64:169–176
          10.1159/000127115
          8875434
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Growth Hormone Regulation

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