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      SOBRE A SINTAXE DE CONSTRUÇÕES OUGHT-TO-BE COM E SEM ADDRESSEE ESPECÍFICO Translated title: ON THE SYNTAX OF OUGHT-TO-BE CONSTRUCTIONS WITH AND WITHOUT A SPECIFIC ADDRESSEE

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          Abstract

          RESUMO O presente artigo tem como foco o deôntico ought-to-be , analisado a partir dos conceitos de obrigação discutidos em Castañeda (1970), Feldman (1986) e Hacquard (2006, 2010). A partir de testes de co-ocorrência de um modal ought-to-be com elementos que ocorrem na camada CP – em particular, com a expressão-wh por que e com elementos adverbiais –, constatamos que o ought-to-be é interpretado entre as posições altas de IntP e ModP. Mostramos também que um ought-to-be pode figurar em construções com ou sem addressee específico e que essa diferença se reflete na sintaxe. Nossa proposta é estender a análise de Portner, Pak e Zanuttini (2019), desenvolvida para partículas de estilo de fala do coreano, para o deôntico ought-to-be , postulando que esse deôntico, quando usado com um addressee específico, integra uma estrutura em que a categoria cP é projetada, o que permite que traços que expressam a relação falante-interlocutor, tais como o traço de status , sejam checados. Consequentemente, esse modal é restrito ao domínio matriz. Por outro lado, quando ele ocorre em uma sentença sem addressee específico, ele integra uma estrutura sem a projeção de cP, uma vez que ele não remete à relação falante-interlocutor. Nesse caso, o modal aparece em domínios matrizes e encaixados.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the (ought-to-be) deontic, which is analyzed from the concepts of obligation discussed in Castañeda (1970), Feldman (1986) and Hacquard (2006, 2010). From co-occurrence tests of an ought-to-be modal with other elements in the CP layer – in particular, with the wh-phrase por que ( why ) and with adverbial elements, it was found that ought-to-be is interpreted between the high projections IntP and ModP. It was also shown that an ought-to-be can be used in an utterance with or without a specific addressee and that this difference reflects in the syntax. The proposal is to extend the analysis by Portner, Pak and Zanuttini (2019), developed for Korean speech style particles, to the ought-to-be deontic, postulating that this deontic, when used with a specific addressee, integrates a structure in which the cP category is projected, which allows features that express the speaker-addressee relation, such as status, to be checked. Consequently, this modal is restricted to the matrix domain. When, however, it appears in an utterance without a specific addressee, it integrates a structure without the projection of cP, since it does not refer to the speaker-addressee relationship. In this case, it can appear in both the matrix and embedded domains.

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          Relativized minimality

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            Adverbs and functional heads: A cross-linguistic perspective.

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              The speaker-addressee relation at the syntax-semantics interface

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                alfa
                Alfa: Revista de Linguística (São José do Rio Preto)
                Alfa, rev. linguíst. (São José Rio Preto)
                Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                0002-5216
                1981-5794
                2022
                : 66
                : e14270
                Affiliations
                [3] Santa Catarina orgnameUniversidade Federal da Fronteira Sul Brazil
                [2] Roraima orgnameUniversidade Federal de Roraima Brazil
                [1] Florianópolis Santa Catarina orgnameUniversidade Federal de Santa Catarina Brazil nubia.rech@ 123456ufsc.br.
                [4] Chapecó SC orgnameUniversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Brasil simoneguesser@ 123456yahoo.com.br.
                Article
                S1981-57942022000100229 S1981-5794(22)06600000229
                10.1590/1981-5794-e14270
                22faf19f-6f31-4da9-b141-c699a10c39a0

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 02 October 2020
                : 11 June 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 24, Pages: 0
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

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                Artigo original

                speaker-addressee relationship,cP category,deôntico ought-to-be,modalidade deôntica,relação falante-interlocutor,categoria cP,ought-to-be deontic modality

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