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      Characterizing damage potential of the brown marmorated stink bug in cherry orchards in Italy

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          Abstract

          Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), brown marmorated stink bug, is a highly polyphagous agricultural pest and urban nuisance. Native to Asia, it was first detected in North America in 1996 and Europe in 2004. Feeding damage has been described in many different horticultural and row crops. However, there are no reports in the literature about economic damage to cherry [ Prunus avium (L.) L.]. This study was conducted in the Veneto region of Italy and the objective was to evaluate and characterize H. halys feeding injury and damage on cherry fruits. Different numbers of stink bugs were confined to developing cherry fruits using mesh cages for one- to two-week periods. Potential injury on cherry was then assessed by quantifying changes in the number of salivary sheaths present, weight, percent deformation, and fungal presence on each fruit. Increasing H. halys infestation density decreased fruit weight, while increasing numbers of salivary sheaths. Similarly, increased infestation density decreased number of marketable cherries and overall yield. Halyomorpha halys infestations were correlated with increased number of fruits with fungal infections. These data suggest that H. halys may exhibit a considerable damage potential for cherry production.

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          Most cited references 53

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          Review of the biology, ecology, and management of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.

          Native to China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan, the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) was first detected in the United States in the mid-1990s. Since establishing in the United States, this invasive species has caused significant economic losses in agriculture and created major nuisance problems for home and business owners, especially in the mid-Atlantic region. Basic and applied questions on H. halys have been addressed in its native range in Asia since the mid-1900s and the research outcomes have been published in at least 216 articles from China, Japan, and the Republic of Korea. In Asia, H. halys is described as an occasional or outbreak pest of a number of crops such as apple, pear, persimmon, and soybeans. This species is considered a nuisance pest as well, particularly in Japan. This review summarizes 100 articles primarily translated from Chinese, Japanese, and Korean to English. The content of this review focuses on the biology, ecology, and management of H. halys in Asia, with specific emphasis on nomenclature, life history, host range, damage, economic importance, sampling and monitoring tools, and management strategies. This information from the native range of H. halys provides greater context and understanding of its biology, ecology, and management in North America.
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            Biology, Ecology, and Management of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)

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              Pest Status of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha Halys in the USA

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                entomologia
                Entomologia Generalis
                Journal of General and Applied Entomology - Zeitschrift für Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie
                entomologia
                Schweizerbart Science Publishers (Stuttgart, Germany http://www.schweizerbart.com/ mail@ 123456schweizerbart.de )
                0171-8177
                26 September 2019
                23 December 2019
                : 39
                : 3-4
                : 271-283
                Affiliations
                1University of Padova, Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment, viale dell’Università, 16 Legnaro, 35020, Italy 2University of Georgia, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, 120 Carlton Street, Athens, GA 30602, USA 3University of Georgia, Department of Entomology, 2360 Rainwater Rd, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
                Author notes

                *Corresponding author: Alberto Pozzebon, alberto.pozzebon@ 123456unipd.it

                Article
                91768 0799
                10.1127/entomologia/2019/0799
                Copyright © 2019 E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 70176 Stuttgart, Germany
                Page count
                Figures: 8, Tables: 1, Pages: 13
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