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      OncoTargets and Therapy (submit here)

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      Remission from the 5-Fu-Based Chemotherapy to Gemcitabine-Based Chemotherapy-Based on the Pathological Classification of Periampullary Carcinoma: A Case Report and Literature Review


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          Periampullary carcinoma, which includes ampullary carcinoma, pancreatic head cancer, distal common bile duct cancer, and duodenal papillary cancer, is a relatively rare malignancy with uncertain therapeutic options. Although several studies have investigated the efficacy of multiple adjuvant chemotherapy regimens for periampullary carcinoma treatment, the optimal regimen remains to be determined. The inherent heterogeneity of the mucosal origin divides periampullary carcinoma into intestinal and pancreaticobiliary types. Therefore, the selection of chemotherapy regimens based on pathological type may have potential therapeutic significance.

          Case Presentation

          A 72-year-old woman with moderately differentiated periampullary adenocarcinoma experienced disease progression after receiving FOLFOX regimen. Subsequently, the sample was subtyped first by H&E evaluation and then by the evaluation of an IHC panel composed of CK20, CDX2, MUC1, MUC2, and MUC5AC. The pathologists concluded that the patient’s sample was of the pancreaticobiliary (PB) subtype. The subsequent change to gemcitabine plus S-1 adjuvant therapy achieved remission of liver metastases based on the pathological classification of the cancer.


          Based on the pathological classification, adjuvant chemotherapy with gemcitabine may be beneficial for patients with PB subtype periampullary carcinoma. 5-Fu-based adjuvant chemotherapy may be beneficial for patients with intestinal subtype periampullary carcinoma.

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          Most cited references38

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          Long-term survival after pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma: is cure possible?

          To determine long-term survival after pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and to identify clinical factors associated with long-term survival. The prognosis for long-term survival even after potentially curative resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma is thought to be poor. Clinical factors determining short-term survival after pancreatic resection are well studied, but prognostic factors predicting long-term survival with a potential for cure are poorly understood. A case-control study was conducted of 357 patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma between 1981 and 2001. Histologic specimens were reanalyzed to confirm diagnosis. Follow-up was at least 5 years or until death. There was an improved survival throughout the observation period (P = 0.004). We found 62 actual 5-year survivors of whom 21 patients survived greater than 10 years, for a 5- and 10-year survival rate of 18% and 13%, respectively. Cohort analysis comparing patients with short-term ( or =5 years, n = 62) survival showed that more advanced disease (greatest tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis) and decreased serum albumin concentration were unfavorable for long-term survival (all P 0.05). En-bloc resection (P = 0.005) but not resection margin status (P > 0.05) was associated with long-term survival. Adjuvant chemoradiation therapy did not significantly influence long-term survival. Multivariate analysis identified lymph node status (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.14-0.89, P = 0.03) as a prognostic factor for long-term survival. Five-year survival was no guarantee of cure because 16% of this subset died of pancreatic cancer up to 7.8 years after operation. Pancreatoduodenectomy for adenocarcinoma in the head of pancreas can provide long-term survival in a subset of patients, particularly in the absence of lymph node metastasis. One of 8 patients can achieve 10-year survival with a potential for cure.
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            Phase II study of capecitabine and oxaliplatin for advanced adenocarcinoma of the small bowel and ampulla of Vater.

            Adenocarcinomas of the small bowel and ampulla of Vater represent rare cancers that have limited data regarding first-line therapy. We conducted a phase II trial to evaluate the benefit of capecitabine in combination with oxaliplatin (CAPOX) in patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of small bowel or ampullary origin. Eligible patients with metastatic or unresectable tumors and no prior systemic chemotherapy for advanced disease participated in this phase II trial. CAPOX was administered as a 21-day cycle with oxaliplatin 130 mg/m(2) on day 1 and capecitabine 750 mg/m(2) twice a day on days 1 through 14. The primary end point was overall response rate as assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Thirty-one patients were enrolled onto the study, and 30 patients received study treatment. The confirmed overall response rate was 50%; three patients with metastatic disease achieved complete responses. The median time to progression (TTP) was 11.3 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was 20.4 months. Subset analysis of patients with metastatic disease only (n = 25) revealed a median TTP of 9.4 months and median OS of 15.5 months. The most common grades 3 or 4 toxicities included fatigue (30%), peripheral neuropathy (10%), vomiting (10%), diarrhea (10%), and neutropenia (10%). When administered to patients with good performance status, CAPOX is well tolerated and produces a superior response rate and longer OS compared with other regimens in the literature. CAPOX should be considered a new standard regimen for advanced small bowel and ampullary adenocarcinomas.
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              Resected periampullary adenocarcinoma: 5-year survivors and their 6- to 10-year follow-up.

              Many studies have reported 5-year survival data after pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma. This study evaluates 10-year survival in patients surviving 5 years after initial surgery. We reviewed all patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma from April 1970 to July 1999 at a single institution. All 5-year survivors were identified, and their subsequent 5-year survival was compared with the actuarial survival of the general population starting at 70 years of age. Nine hundred fifteen patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma. Follow-up was complete on 890 patients. There were 201 (23%) 5-year survivors with a median age of 65 years at initial surgery; 51% were male and 92% were Caucasian. For the 5-year survivors, the carcinoma origin was pancreatic in 46%, ampullary in 25%, distal bile duct in 17%, and duodenal in 12%. For all 5-year survivors, the subsequent 5-year actuarial survival rate was 65%, with a median survival after achieving the 5-year landmark of 7.9 additional years. The subsequent 5-year survival by site of tumor origin was 55% for pancreatic, 66% for ampullary, 74% for bile duct, and 85% for duodenal cancer. For the age-matched population, the 5-year survival rate was 87% (P<.001 when compared with those with all periampullary cancers). While the 5-year survival rate for all patients with resected periampullary adenocarcinoma is only 23%, these data imply that attainment of the 5-year survival landmark carries with it an improved survival for the subsequent 5 years. While the survival rate was less than that of the age-matched population, 65% of 5-year survivors survived 5 more years, bringing them to the 10-year postresection landmark.

                Author and article information

                Onco Targets Ther
                Onco Targets Ther
                OncoTargets and Therapy
                25 August 2022
                : 15
                : 891-896
                [1 ]Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University , Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330006, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ]Department of Pathology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University , Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330006, People’s Republic of China
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Bo Liang; Lu Fang, Email lb2087@163.com; fanglu@medmail.com.cn

                These authors contributed equally to this work

                © 2022 Hu et al.

                This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms ( https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).

                Page count
                Figures: 2, References: 38, Pages: 6
                Funded by: the National Natural Science Foundation of China;
                Funded by: Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province, open-funder-registry 10.13039/501100004479;
                Funded by: Health Department of Jiangxi Province, China;
                Funded by: the Education Department of Jiangxi Province, China;
                This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82160578), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (Nos. 20212BCJ23024, 20202BAB216029 and 20202BABL206095), Health Department of Jiangxi Province, China (No. 20198020), and the Education Department of Jiangxi Province, China (Grant No. GJJ190019).
                Case Report

                Oncology & Radiotherapy
                periampullary carcinoma,adjuvant chemotherapy,pathological classification,s-1,gemcitabine


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