Research over the past two decades broadly supports the claim that mindfulness meditation
- practiced widely for the reduction of stress and promotion of health - exerts beneficial
effects on physical and mental health, and cognitive performance. Recent neuroimaging
studies have begun to uncover the brain areas and networks that mediate these positive
effects. However, the underlying neural mechanisms remain unclear, and it is apparent
that more methodologically rigorous studies are required if we are to gain a full
understanding of the neuronal and molecular bases of the changes in the brain that
accompany mindfulness meditation.