Some fish groups are common on coral reefs, but we still lack fundamental information about how fish assemblages vary across seascapes. The order Tetraodontiformes, which includes pufferfish, triggerfish, shingles, porcupinefish, burrfish, leatherjacketfish, filefish, and trunkfish, is one such group. We systematically surveyed 75 sites around 52 islands of the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago to evaluate the occurrence and distribution of tetraodontiform fishes. We recorded 25 species from 16 genera and 6 families. We found the distribution of fishes to vary between sites and geographical regions, with the southern Nicobar region having higher species richness than other geographical regions in the island group. Possible reasons for the observed patterns of the occurrence and distribution of tetraodontiform fishes are discussed.