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      Sinopyrophorinae, a new subfamily of Elateridae (Coleoptera, Elateroidea) with the first record of a luminous click beetle in Asia and evidence for multiple origins of bioluminescence in Elateridae

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          The new subfamily Sinopyrophorinae within Elateridae is proposed to accommodate a bioluminescent species, Sinopyrophorus schimmeli Bi & Li, gen. et sp. nov., recently discovered in Yunnan, China. This lineage is morphologically distinguished from other click-beetle subfamilies by the strongly protruding frontoclypeal region, which is longitudinally carinate medially, the pretarsal claws without basal setae, the hind wing venation with a well-defined wedge cell, the abdomen with seven (male) or six (female) ventrites, the large luminous organ on the abdominal sternite II, and the male genitalia with median lobe much shorter than parameres, and parameres arcuate, with the inner margin near its apical third dentate. Molecular phylogeny based on the combined 14 mitochondrial and two nuclear genes supports the placement of this taxon far from other luminescent click-beetle groups, which provides additional evidence for the multiple origin of bioluminescence in Elateridae . Illustrations of habitus and main diagnostic features of S. schimmeli Bi & Li, gen. et sp. nov. are provided, as well as the brief description of its luminescent behavior.

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          Most cited references 32

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          SequenceMatrix: concatenation software for the fast assembly of multi-gene datasets with character set and codon information

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            Relationships among coleopteran suborders and major endoneopteran lineages: Evidence from hind wing characters

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              EVOLUTION OF THE HIND WING IN COLEOPTERA

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                2
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:45048d35-bb1d-5ce8-9668-537e44bd4c7e
                urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:91BD42D4-90F1-4B45-9350-EEF175B1727A
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2019
                17 July 2019
                : 864
                : 79-97
                Affiliations
                [1 ] State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China
                [2 ] Room 401, No. 2, Lane 155, Lianhua South Road, Shanghai, 201100, China
                [3 ] NPS office, Tianjin New Wei San Industrial Company, Ltd., Tianjing, China
                [4 ] Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 50, 77146, Olomouc, Czech Republic
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Xue-Yan Li ( lixy@ 123456mail.kiz.ac.cn ), Wen-Xuan Bi ( insectb@ 123456163.com )

                Academic editor: Hume Douglas

                Article
                26689 urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:85b298ea-fecc-5635-ba7f-e6deea1f1b0a urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AA8F1ECD-15EF-4EC7-9F32-6AA081370598
                10.3897/zookeys.864.26689
                6656784
                Wen-Xuan Bi, Jin-Wu He, Chang-Chin Chen, Robin Kundrata, Xue-Yan Li

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Funding
                This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31472035) and Yunnan Provincial Science and Technology Department (No. 2014FB179) to LXY.
                Categories
                Research Article
                Animalia
                Coleoptera
                Elateroidea
                Biodiversity & Conservation
                Systematics
                Cenozoic
                Asia

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