Diabetes is a chronic disease and the diabetic patient will have to live with it. He/She will have to accept this fact and to accept the disease. Several adaptative phases will occur during the course of the disease, linked to the disease evolution. Regular contacts with various members of the healthcare team will have to be positive, both in terms of the patient and healthcare individuals. Adherence and compliance to the treatment and long-term follow-up of the disease will have to be envisaged with a practical positive aspect. Main points and psychosocial aspects are discussed in this paper.