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      Manual of praying mantis morphology, nomenclature, and practices (Insecta, Mantodea)

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          This study provides a comprehensive review of historical morphological nomenclature used for praying mantis ( Mantodea ) morphology, which includes citations, original use, and assignment of homology. All referenced structures across historical works correspond to a proposed standard term for use in all subsequent works pertaining to praying mantis morphology and systematics. The new standards are presented with a verbal description in a glossary as well as indicated on illustrations and images. In the vast majority of cases, originally used terms were adopted as the new standard. In addition, historical morphological topographical homology conjectures are considered with discussion on modern interpretations. A new standardized formulation to present foreleg femoral and tibial spines is proposed for clarity based on previous works. In addition, descriptions for methods of collection, curation, genital complex dissection, and labeling are provided to aid in the proper preservation and storage of specimens for longevity and ease of study. Due to the lack of consistent linear morphometric measurement practices in the literature, we have proposed a series of measurements for taxonomic and morphological research. These measurements are presented with figures to provide visual aids with homologous landmarks to ensure compatibility and comparability across the Order. Finally, our proposed method of pinning mantises is presented with a photographical example as well as a video tutorial available at http://mantodearesearch.com.

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            Principles of insect morphology

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              Relationships among coleopteran suborders and major endoneopteran lineages: Evidence from hind wing characters

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Zookeys
                Zookeys
                ZooKeys
                ZooKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1313-2989
                1313-2970
                2017
                13 September 2017
                : 696
                : 1-100
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, 1 Wade Oval Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
                [2 ] Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
                [3 ] Pfalzmuseum für Naturkunde - POLLICHIA-Museum, Hermann-Schäfer-Str. 17, 67098 Bad Dürkheim, Germany
                [4 ] Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Perú
                [5 ] Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden, Königsbrücker Landstrasse 159, D-01109 Dresden, Germany
                [6 ] Centre de Recherche sur la Paleobiodiversite et les Paleoenvironnements (CR2P, UMR 7207), Sorbonne Universites, MNHN, CNRS, UPMC-Paris6, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, 57 Rue Cuvier, CP 38, 75005 Paris, France
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Sydney K. Brannoch ( sydneybrannoch@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: P. Stoev

                Article
                10.3897/zookeys.696.12542
                5673847
                Sydney K. Brannoch, Frank Wieland, Julio Rivera, Klaus-Dieter Klass, Olivier Béthoux, Gavin J. Svenson

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Monograph

                Animal science & Zoology

                mantodea, measurement, morphology, praying mantis, terminology

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