Objective To understand the knowledge and behavior towards COVID-19 among primary and middle school students in Guangdong province, so as to provide basis for health education on epidemic prevention and control.
Methods An online questionnaire survey was conducted among 1 222 403 primary and middle school students in Guangdong Province from March 8 to 31, 2020.
Results In Guangdong Province, 96.28%, 80.01% and 38.58% of primary and middle school students knew the transmission route of the novel coronavirus was droplet transmission, contact transmission and aerosol transmission respectively, and 78.22% of the students knew the two main transmission routes. Among COVID-19 prevention and control measures, the top three well-known measures were mask wearing (99.69%), frequent hand washing (99.06%) and social distancing (96.21%). During the pandemic, 88.48% of students wore masks every time they went out, 32.15% reported that they needed parental supervision, and 53.97% reported they would continue wearing masks after the pandemic. 87.21% of students washed their hands every time after going out, 18.78% reported that they needed parental supervision, and 94.92% reported that they would continue washing their hands frequently after the pandemic.
Conclusion Primary and middle school students in Guangdong Province had high rates of awareness on transmission route and prevention and control measures of COVID-19. During the pandemic, the rates of wearing masks or washing hands every time after going out was high, and the rates of behavior intention of washing hands after the pandemic was high.
【摘要】 目的 了解广东省中小学生新型冠状病毒肺炎（以下简称“新冠肺炎”）认知及行为情况，为开展有针对性的疫 情防控健康教育提供依据。 方法 2020年3月8—31日通过问卷星网络平台对1 222 403名广东省中小学生开展问卷调 査。 结果 广东省中小学生对新冠肺炎通过呼吸道飞沫传播、接触传播、气溶胶传播的知晓率分别为96.28%，80.01%和 38.58%，同时选择呼吸道飞沫传播和接触传播2种途径的比例为78.22%。新冠肺炎的防控措施中知晓率排在前3位的为 戴口罩(99.69%)、勤洗手(99.06%)和不聚集(96.21%)。广东省中小学生在疫情期间外出每次戴口罩的比例为88.48%， 32.15%的学生报告戴口罩需要家长监督，53.97%的学生报告在疫情过后会坚持戴口罩。外出回来每次洗手的比例为 87.21%，18.78%的学生报告洗手需要家长监督，94.92%的学生报告疫情过后会坚持勤洗手。 结论 广东省中小学生对新 冠病毒的传播途径和防控措施有较髙的知晓率，疫情期间外出每次戴口罩和回来洗手的比例较髙，疫情过后坚持洗手的行 为意向比例较髙。