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      Metabolic syndrome in youth: a cross-sectional school-based survey.

      Acta Paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)

      blood, Adolescent, Triglycerides, Sex Factors, Risk Factors, Prevalence, epidemiology, complications, Overweight, Obesity, etiology, Metabolic Syndrome X, Male, Lipoproteins, HDL, Humans, Female, Cross-Sectional Studies, Body Size, Blood Pressure, analysis, Blood Glucose, Belgium, Analysis of Variance, Adult

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          Abstract

          To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among students attending vocational secondary school (VSE). VSE provides practice-oriented education in which young people learn a specific occupation. Previously we reported VSE to be the type of education with the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity. All data were collected in a cross-sectional school-based survey. Subjects were recruited from a community sample of 869 adolescents in 14 secondary schools. In this total sample all components of the metabolic syndrome were assessed in a subgroup of 506 students. MetS was defined analogous to National Cholesterol Education Program: Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, with modifications for students under 19 years of age. In the subsample (n=506) 4.1% of the students had metabolic syndrome. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among BMI categories (p<0.001). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was higher in obese students (39.1%) than in overweight students (2.8%) and normal weight students (0.3%). Being overweight or obese substantially increases the risk for metabolic syndrome, even in an adolescent school population.

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          Journal
          10.1111/j.1651-2227.2007.00528.x
          17953732

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