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      Procesos tafonómicos, subsistencia y uso del espacio: análisis de la arqueofauna de un sitio agropastoril de la Puna Meridional Argentina (Punta de la Peña 9, Antofagasta de la Sierra, Catamarca)

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          Abstract

          Se presentan los resultados del análisis de un conjunto de restos óseos faunísticos recuperados en una estructura arquitectónica (E2) excavada en el sitio Punta de la Peña 9. Dicho sitio se localiza en los Sectores Intermedios (3600 m snm), en la microregión de Antofagasta de la Sierra (Catamarca, Puna Meridional Argentina). El análisis incluyó una evaluación de los efectos de los procesos de formación del registro, un abordaje del conjunto óseo desde una perspectiva económica y un análisis de la distribución espacial de los restos óseos en los niveles ocupacionales del recinto. El abordaje de estas tres dimensiones amplias del conjunto arqueofaunístico nos permitió aproximarnos al estudio de múltiples aspectos entre los que destacamos: la evaluación del efecto de los factores de formación del registro en la integridad del conjunto óseo; las modalidades de uso del espacio en la estructura analizada; ciertas características de las secuencias de ocupación de la misma; los sistemas de descarte o actividades de mantenimiento de los espacios de uso intensivo; el conjunto de actividades llevadas a cabo y los patrones vinculados con la explotación, selección de partes y consumo de fauna.

          Translated abstract

          The results of the analysis of an assemblage of faunal bone remains recovered from an architectural structure (E2) excavated in the site Punta de la Peña 9 are presented. The site is located in the Intermediate Sectors (3600 m. above-sea-level) in the micro-region of Antofagasta de la Sierra (Catamarca, Southern Puna, Argentina). The analysis included an evaluation of the effects of the formation processes of the archaeological record, a study of the bones from an economic perspective, and an analysis of the spatial distribution of bones in the occupation levels of the enclosure. Examination of these three broad dimensions of this archaeofaunal assemblage enabled us to study multiple aspects of this site. Among such aspects the following are emphasized in this paper: evaluation of the effect of the formation processes of the archaeological record on the integrity of the bone assemblage; peculiarities in the use of space in the analyzed structure; certain characteristics of the occupational sequence of the structure itself; systems of discard and maintenance of the spaces that were used intensively; and the set of activities carried out, and the patterns connected with, the exploitation, selection of parts, and consumption of fauna.

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          Taphonomic and ecologic information from bone weathering

          Bones of recent mammals in the Amboseli Basin, southern Kenya, exhibit distinctive weathering characteristics that can be related to the time since death and to the local conditions of temperature, humidity and soil chemistry. A categorization of weathering characteristics into six stages, recognizable on descriptive criteria, provides a basis for investigation of weathering rates and processes. The time necessary to achieve each successive weathering stage has been calibrated using known-age carcasses. Most bones decompose beyond recognition in 10 to 15 yr. Bones of animals under 100 kg and juveniles appear to weather more rapidly than bones of large animals or adults. Small-scale rather than widespread environmental factors seem to have greatest influence on weathering characteristics and rates. Bone weathering is potentially valuable as evidence for the period of time represented in recent or fossil bone assemblages, including those on archeological sites, and may also be an important tool in censusing populations of animals in modern ecosystems.
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            Archaeological Context and Systemic Context

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              Volume density of South American camelid skeletal parts

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                iant
                Intersecciones en antropología
                Intersecciones antropol.
                Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales (Olavarría, Buenos Aires, Argentina )
                1850-373X
                December 2005
                : 6
                : 11-28
                Affiliations
                orgnameCONICET
                orgnameUniversidad de Buenos Aires orgdiv1Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Pensamiento Latinoamericano
                S. M. de Tucumán orgnameUniversidad Nacional de Tucumán orgdiv1Instituto de Arqueología y Museo
                Article
                S1850-373X2005000100003 S1850-373X(05)00000600003

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 34, Pages: 18
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