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      Does cyclic AMP mediate rat urinary bladder relaxation by isoproterenol?

      The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics
      1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine, pharmacology, Adenine, analogs & derivatives, Adenylate Cyclase, antagonists & inhibitors, Adrenergic beta-Agonists, Animals, Cyclic AMP, physiology, Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, Enzyme Inhibitors, Guanylate Cyclase, In Vitro Techniques, Isoproterenol, Male, Muscle Relaxation, drug effects, Muscle, Smooth, Potassium Channels, agonists, Potassium Chloride, Rats, Signal Transduction, Urinary Bladder

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          Cyclic AMP is the prototypical second messenger of beta-adrenergic receptors, but recent findings have questioned its role in mediating smooth muscle relaxation upon beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation. We have investigated the signaling mechanisms underlying beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated relaxation of rat urinary bladder. Concentration-response curves for isoproterenol-induced bladder relaxation were generated in the presence or absence of inhibitors, with concomitant experiments using passive tension and KCl-induced precontraction. The adenylyl cyclase inhibitor 9-(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)-9H-purin-6-amine (SQ 22,536; 1 microM), the protein kinase A inhibitors 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H7; 10 microM), N-[2-(p-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H89; 1 microM), and Rp-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate (Rp-cAMPS; 30 microM), and the guanylyl cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo-[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ; 3 microM) produced only minor if any inhibition of relaxation against passive tension or KCl-induced precontraction. Among various potassium channel inhibitors, BaCl2 (10 microM), tetraethylammonium (3 microM), apamin (300 nM), and glibenclamide (10 microM) did not inhibit isoproterenol-induced relaxation. Some inhibition of the isoproterenol effects against KCl-induced tone but not against passive tension was seen with inhibitors of calcium-dependent potassium channels such as charybdotoxin and iberiotoxin (30 nM each). A combination of SQ 22,536 and ODQ significantly inhibited relaxation against passive tension by about half, but not that against KCl-induced tone. Moreover, the combination failed to enhance inhibition by charybdotoxin against KCl-induced tone. We conclude that cAMP and cGMP each play a minor role in beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated relaxation against passive tension, and calcium-dependent potassium channels play a minor role against active tension.

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