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      A Synoptic Account of Flora of Solapur District, Maharashtra (India)

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          Abstract

          Abstract

          The present paper provides the first systematic and comprehensive account of the flora of Solapur district of Maharashtra (India). The flora of this region demonstrates a wide range of species diversity and growth forms. The vegetation of the district mainly represents tropical dry deciduous forests, thorny open scrub and vast grasslands. During the present work, a total of 1441 taxa belonging to 699 genera and 125 families of flowering plants were recorded. A new species Crinum solapurense Gaikwad et al. is described. Fabaceae is the dominant family with 210 taxa, followed by Poaceae (157 taxa), Asteraceae (85 taxa), Malvaceae (68 taxa) and Euphorbiaceae (48 taxa). Acacia is the largest genus with 25 taxa, followed by Euphorbia (23), Cyperus (22), Crotalaria (19) and Ipomoea (19). The herbaceous flora of the district is notable as it amounts to 56.21% of the whole of flora. The ratio of indigenous woody to herbaceous components is 1:1.28. The proportion of indigenous taxa (978) to the cultivated ones (460) is 1.35: 0.5 in the district.

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          Most cited references 83

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          Aquatic and Wetland plants of India

           C Cook,  CD Cook,  CDK Cook (1996)
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            Flora of Marathwada

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              Endemic and threatened flowering plants of Maharashtra

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodivers Data J
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Biodiversity Data Journal
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-2836
                1314-2828
                2015
                16 January 2015
                : 3
                Affiliations
                []Life Science Research Laboratory, Walchand College of Arts and Science, Solapur- 413 006 (MS), Solapur, India
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Ramchandra D. Gore ( ramdgore@ 123456gmail.com ).

                Academic editor: Thomas Couvreur

                Article
                Biodiversity Data Journal 3792
                10.3897/BDJ.3.e4282
                4304262
                Krushnadeoray U. Garad, Ramchandra D. Gore, Sayajirao P. Gaikwad

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 6, Tables: 7, References: 56
                Categories
                Taxonomic Paper
                Angiospermae
                Plantae
                Taxonomy
                Systematics
                India
                Asia

                flora, taxonomy, solapur, maharashtra

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