High-resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images are mostly used in the current field of ship classification, but in practical applications, moderate-resolution SAR images that can offer wider swath are more suitable for maritime surveillance. The ship targets in moderate-resolution SAR images occupy only a few pixels, and some of them show the shape of bright spots, which brings great difficulty for ship classification. To fully explore the deep-level feature representations of moderate-resolution SAR images and avoid the “dimension disaster”, we innovatively proposed a feature fusion framework based on the classification ability of individual features and the efficiency of overall information representation, called maximum-information-minimum-redundancy (MIMR). First, we applied the Filter method and Kernel Principal Component Analysis (KPCA) method to form two feature subsets representing the best classification ability and the highest information representation efficiency in linear space and nonlinear space. Second, the MIMR feature fusion method is adopted to assign different weights to feature vectors with different physical properties and discriminability. Comprehensive experiments on the open dataset OpenSARShip show that compared with traditional and emerging deep learning methods, the proposed method can effectively fuse non-redundant complementary feature subsets to improve the performance of ship classification in moderate-resolution SAR images.