Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) is home to a world-class taxonomy program based on Canada’s national agricultural collections for Botany, Mycology and Entomology. These collections contain valuable resources, such as type specimen for authoritative identification using approaches that include phenotyping, DNA barcoding, and whole genome sequencing. These authoritative references allow for accurate identification of the taxonomic biodiversity found in environmental samples in fields such as metagenomics. AAFC’s internally developed web application, termed SeqDB, tracks the complete workflow and provenance chain from source specimen information through DNA extractions, PCR reactions, and sequencing leading to binary DNA sequence files. In the context of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) of environmental samples, SeqDB tracks sampling metadata, DNA extractions, and library preparation workflow leading to demultiplexed sequence files. SeqDB implements the Taxonomic Databases Working Group (TDWG) Darwin Core standard Wieczorek et al. 2012 for Biodiversity Occurrence Data, as well as the Genome Standards Consortium (GSC) Minimum Information about any (X) Sequences (MIxS) specification Yilmaz et al. 2011. When coupled with the built-in data standards validation system, this has led to the ability to search consistent metadata across multiple studies. Furthermore, the application enables tracking the physical storage of the aforementioned specimens and their derivative molecular extracts using an integrated barcode printing and reading system. All the information is presented using a graphical user interface that features intuitive molecular workflows as well as a RESTful API that facilitates integration with external applications and programmatic access of the data. The success of SeqDB has been due to the close collaboration with scientists and technicians undertaking molecular research involving the national collection, and the centralization of their data sets in an access controlled relational database implementing internationally recognized standards. We will describe the overall system, and some of our lessons learned in building it.