Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: not found

New equations to estimate GFR in children with CKD.

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN

Iohexol, Cystatin C, Biometry, Sex Characteristics, Humans, pathology, Linear Models, Child, Blood Urea Nitrogen, Models, Biological, Infant, diagnostic use, Adolescent, Male, Body Height, blood, Contrast Media, Child, Preschool, Creatinine, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Cohort Studies, physiopathology, pharmacokinetics, Female

Read this article at

ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      The Schwartz formula was devised in the mid-1970s to estimate GFR in children. Recent data suggest that this formula currently overestimates GFR as measured by plasma disappearance of iohexol, likely a result of a change in methods used to measure creatinine. Here, we developed equations to estimate GFR using data from the baseline visits of 349 children (aged 1 to 16 yr) in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) cohort. Median iohexol-GFR (iGFR) was 41.3 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) (interquartile range 32.0 to 51.7), and median serum creatinine was 1.3 mg/dl. We performed linear regression analyses assessing precision, goodness of fit, and accuracy to develop improvements in the GFR estimating formula, which was based on height, serum creatinine, cystatin C, blood urea nitrogen, and gender. The best equation was: GFR(ml/min per 1.73 m(2))=39.1[height (m)/Scr (mg/dl)](0.516) x [1.8/cystatin C (mg/L)](0.294)[30/BUN (mg/dl)](0.169)[1.099](male)[height (m)/1.4](0.188). This formula yielded 87.7% of estimated GFR within 30% of the iGFR, and 45.6% within 10%. In a test set of 168 CKiD patients at 1 yr of follow-up, this formula compared favorably with previously published estimating equations for children. Furthermore, with height measured in cm, a bedside calculation of 0.413*(height/serum creatinine), provides a good approximation to the estimated GFR formula. Additional studies of children with higher GFR are needed to validate these formulas for use in screening all children for CKD.

      Related collections

      Author and article information

      Journal
      19158356
      2653687
      10.1681/ASN.2008030287

      Comments

      Comment on this article