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      Platelet-Neutrophil Interactions in Uremic Patients: Effects on Neutrophil Superoxide Anion Production and Chemiluminescence

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          Abstract

          Isolated resting platelets are able to limit neutrophil activation and then can control the tissue-damaging potential of activated neutrophils. In the present study, platelet-neutrophil interactions have been evaluated in 10 uremic patients; the blood samples have been collected before the hemodialysis session. Twelve normal subjects served as controls. Platelets and neutrophils have been isolated and recombined in an autologous ex vivo system. Anion superoxide production and chemiluminescence (which is related to hypochlorous acid production) have been evaluated after stimulation with N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine. Coincubation of platelets from normal subjects with autologous neutrophils led to a dose-dependent inhibition of both superoxide anion generation induced by N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine and chemiluminescence. Instead, platelets from uremic patients have not affected superoxide anion production by autologous neutrophils. The chemiluminescence was reduced by coincubation with autologous platelets only at the highest platelet-neutrophil ratio (100:1). In conclusion, the modulation exerted by platelets towards neutrophil activation can be impaired in chronic uremia. Therefore, the tissue-damaging potential of circulating neutrophils, due to toxicity by superoxide anion and hypochlorous acid, may be increased.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          17 December 2008
          : 69
          : 3
          : 248-252
          Affiliations
          Units of aHematology and bNephrology, Medical Clinic 1, University of Pisa, Italy
          Article
          188465 Nephron 1995;69:248–252
          10.1159/000188465
          7753257
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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