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Development of a service delivery protocol used for remote wheelchair consultation via telerehabilitation.

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      Abstract

      The purpose of this paper is to explain the development, methodology, and implementation of an assistive technology (AT) service delivery protocol using a telerehabilitation consultation model for evaluation of remote wheelchair prescriptions. The provision of wheeled mobility and seating interventions can be complex when considering people with intricate seating and positioning needs, environmental factors, and wide array of product interventions. The availability of qualified practitioners with specialty expertise in this area is limited, especially outside of urban areas. Therefore, people are potentially isolated from rehabilitation services due to geography or physical limitations. A repeated measure study design is used to evaluate the service delivery protocol measured by the effectiveness of wheeled mobility and seating interventions provided in a remote location by a generalist occupational and/or physical therapy practitioner with consultation from an expert therapist via interactive teleconferencing. Effectiveness is measured by magnitude of change and scored by pre and post scores of the Functioning Everyday with a Wheelchair (FEW) outcome measure tool. Two model programs have been specified and are currently implementing the service delivery protocol. The live interaction has enabled remote therapists the ability to exchange personal and health information to experts in the field from an urban facility. The impact of this service delivery protocol will be augmented as it is to be launched and replicated in three additional sites. Telerehabilitation is a new field that can only be measured by its long-term impact; however, its success can be looked at by its development and implementation into everyday clinical service delivery.

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      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1 ] Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15203, USA. rms35@pitt.edu
      Journal
      Telemed J E Health
      Telemedicine journal and e-health : the official journal of the American Telemedicine Association
      Mary Ann Liebert Inc
      1556-3669
      1530-5627
      Nov 2008
      : 14
      : 9
      19035803 10.1089/tmj.2008.0010

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