Studying on the anode materials with high energy densities for next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is the key for the wide application for electrochemical energy storage devices. Ti-based compounds as promising anode materials are known for their outstanding high-rate capacity and cycling stability as well as improved safety over graphite. However, Ti-based materials still suffer from the low capacity, thus largely limiting their commercialized application. Here, we present an overview of the recent development of Ti-based anode materials in LIBs, and special emphasis is placed on capacity enhancement by rational design of hybrid nanocomposites with conversion-/ alloying-type anodes. This review is expected to provide a guidance for designing novel Ti-based materials for energy storage and conversion.