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      Supportive supervision and Chinese postgraduate students' core selfevaluations and academic creativity: A synergistic interactive model

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      Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal
      Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd

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          Abstract

          We examined the interaction effect of supportive supervision and postgraduate students' core self-evaluations on academic creativity, as well as the mediating role of creative self-efficacy in this effect. Participants were 348 Chinese postgraduate students. The results show that supportive supervision was positively associated with students' academic creativity, and that creative self-efficacy mediated this association. Students' core self-evaluations and supportive supervision had a synergistic interactive effect on creative self-efficacy, and creative self-efficacy partially mediated the interactive effect of supportive supervision and core self-evaluations on students' academic creativity. The positive indirect effect of supportive supervision on students' academic creativity through creative self-efficacy was stronger when core self-evaluations were highly positive, compared to when they were less positive. The implications of these findings are discussed.

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          The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations.

          In this article, we attempt to distinguish between the properties of moderator and mediator variables at a number of levels. First, we seek to make theorists and researchers aware of the importance of not using the terms moderator and mediator interchangeably by carefully elaborating, both conceptually and strategically, the many ways in which moderators and mediators differ. We then go beyond this largely pedagogical function and delineate the conceptual and strategic implications of making use of such distinctions with regard to a wide range of phenomena, including control and stress, attitudes, and personality traits. We also provide a specific compendium of analytic procedures appropriate for making the most effective use of the moderator and mediator distinction, both separately and in terms of a broader causal system that includes both moderators and mediators.
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            Methods for integrating moderation and mediation: a general analytical framework using moderated path analysis.

            Studies that combine moderation and mediation are prevalent in basic and applied psychology research. Typically, these studies are framed in terms of moderated mediation or mediated moderation, both of which involve similar analytical approaches. Unfortunately, these approaches have important shortcomings that conceal the nature of the moderated and the mediated effects under investigation. This article presents a general analytical framework for combining moderation and mediation that integrates moderated regression analysis and path analysis. This framework clarifies how moderator variables influence the paths that constitute the direct, indirect, and total effects of mediated models. The authors empirically illustrate this framework and give step-by-step instructions for estimation and interpretation. They summarize the advantages of their framework over current approaches, explain how it subsumes moderated mediation and mediated moderation, and describe how it can accommodate additional moderator and mediator variables, curvilinear relationships, and structural equation models with latent variables. (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.
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              The Effects of Personal and Contextual Characteristics on Creativity: Where Should We Go from Here?

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal
                soc behav pers
                Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd
                0301-2212
                December 01 2021
                December 01 2021
                : 49
                : 12
                : 1-12
                Article
                10.2224/sbp.10936
                253561fd-db23-4fbe-bc81-6a97faa0e43f
                © 2021
                History

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