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      Does “forced abstinence” from gaming lead to pornography use? Insight from the April 2018 crash of Fortnite’s servers

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          Abstract

          In April 2018, the servers of the popular video game “ Fortnite” crashed for 24 hr. During this period, Pornhub (a popular pornographic website) analyzed trends in pornography access, finding that: (a) the percentage of gamers accessing Pornhub increased by 10% and (b) the searches of pornographic videos using the key term “ Fortnite” increased by 60%. In this letter, we discuss these observations in the context of ongoing debate regarding the validity of “withdrawal” when applied to problematic involvement in video gaming and the potential use of pornography as a “compensation behavior” during the periods of “forced abstinence” from gaming.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Withdrawal symptoms in internet gaming disorder: A systematic review.

          Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is currently positioned in the appendix of the DSM-5 as a condition requiring further study. The aim of this review was to examine the state of current knowledge of gaming withdrawal symptomatology, given the importance of withdrawal in positioning the disorder as a behavioral addiction. A total of 34 studies, including 10 qualitative studies, 17 research reports on psychometric instruments, and 7 treatment studies, were evaluated. The results indicated that the available evidence on Internet gaming withdrawal is very underdeveloped. Internet gaming withdrawal is most consistently referred to as 'irritability' and 'restlessness' following cessation of the activity. There exists a concerning paucity of qualitative studies that provide detailed clinical descriptions of symptoms arising from cessation of internet gaming. This has arguably compromised efforts to quantify withdrawal symptoms in empirical studies of gaming populations. Treatment studies have not reported on the natural course of withdrawal and/or withdrawal symptom trajectory following intervention. It is concluded that many more qualitative clinical studies are needed, and should be prioritised, to develop our understanding of gaming withdrawal. This should improve clinical descriptions of problematic internet gaming and in turn improve the quantification of IGD withdrawal and thus treatments for harmful internet gaming.
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            Tolerance and withdrawal symptoms may not be helpful to enhance understanding of behavioural addictions.

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              Craving for internet games? Withdrawal symptoms from an 84-h abstinence from Massively Multiplayer Online gaming

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jba
                JBA
                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                2062-5871
                2063-5303
                10 September 2018
                September 2018
                : 7
                : 3
                : 501-502
                Affiliations
                Addictive and Compulsive Behaviours Lab, Institute for Health and Behaviour, University of Luxembourg , Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg Departamento de Psicología Básica, Clínica y Psicobiología, Universitat Jaume I , Castellón, Spain
                Departamento de Psicología Básica, Clínica y Psicobiología, Universitat Jaume I , Castellón, Spain
                Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and Child Study Center, Yale University , New Haven, CT, USA Connecticut Mental Health Center , New Haven, CT, USA Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling , Wethersfield, CT, USA
                School of Psychology, The University of Adelaide , Adelaide, SA, Australia
                Addictive and Compulsive Behaviours Lab, Institute for Health and Behaviour, University of Luxembourg , Esch-sur-Alzette, LuxembourgCentre for Excessive Gambling, Lausanne University Hospitals (CHUV) , Lausanne, Switzerland
                Author notes
                Addiction Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva , Geneva, Switzerland Phone: +352 46 66 44 9207; Fax: +352 46 66 44 39207 E-mail: joel.billieux@ 123456uni.lu
                Article
                10.1556/2006.7.2018.78
                6426371
                30203695
                © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 5, Pages: 2
                Funding
                Funding sources: JC-C is financed by a grant APOSTD/2017/005 of the County Council Department of Education, Culture and Sports of the Valencian Community (Spain). MNP received support from the National Center for Responsible Gaming, the Connecticut Council on Problem Gambling, and the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (USA).
                Categories
                LETTER TO THE EDITOR

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