To report visual acuity and anatomic outcomes, as well as complications, associated with giant retinal tear management using intraoperative perfluoro-n-octane and to investigate clinical features associated with anatomic and visual acuity outcomes. A prospective, noncomparative, observational, multicenter study. Two hundred twelve patients (212 eyes) > or =15 months of age who underwent giant retinal tear management with intraoperative perfluoro-n-octane at 24 study sites between April 1994 and February 1996. Giant retinal tear was defined as a retinal tear extending > or =90 degrees. Vitrectomy with perfluoro-n-octane intraoperative retinal tamponade. Visual acuity and rates of retinal reattachment, reoperation, retained perfluoro-n-octane, corneal edema, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP > 25 mmHg), hypotony (IOP or =20/200 was measured in 56 (27%) patients preoperatively and 67 (47%) patients at 6 months. Postoperative visual acuity improved in 107 (59%) eyes, remained stable in 44 (24%) eyes, and worsened in 29 (16%) eyes (percentages are based on the number of patients for whom the data were available at these time points). Of the 124 patients with visual acuity or =20/200 include male gender, no prior vitrectomy, better preoperative vision, and no need for relaxing retinotomy. After adjusting for recurrent detachment, factors significantly associated with vision > or =20/200 include no prior vitrectomy, better preoperative vision, and no need for relaxing retinotomy. Retinal reattachment and preserved visual acuity were achieved in most eyes that underwent giant retinal tear management with intraoperative perfluoro-n-octane. Significant risk factors for recurrent retinal detachment include size of retinal tear, age, prior vitrectomy, and female gender. After adjusting for recurrent detachment, significant predictors of postoperative vision >or =20/200 include no prior vitrectomy, better preoperative vision, and no need for relaxing retinotomy.