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      The role of gibberellin signalling in plant responses to abiotic stress.

      The Journal of Experimental Biology

      Arabidopsis, enzymology, growth & development, physiology, Arabidopsis Proteins, metabolism, Cold Temperature, Cyclopentanes, Environment, Gibberellins, genetics, Light, Osmotic Pressure, Oxylipins, Plant Growth Regulators, Salinity, Signal Transduction, Stress, Physiological, Transcription, Genetic

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          Abstract

          Plant hormones are small molecules that regulate plant growth and development, as well as responses to changing environmental conditions. By modifying the production, distribution or signal transduction of these hormones, plants are able to regulate and coordinate both growth and/or stress tolerance to promote survival or escape from environmental stress. A central role for the gibberellin (GA) class of growth hormones in the response to abiotic stress is becoming increasingly evident. Reduction of GA levels and signalling has been shown to contribute to plant growth restriction on exposure to several stresses, including cold, salt and osmotic stress. Conversely, increased GA biosynthesis and signalling promote growth in plant escape responses to shading and submergence. In several cases, GA signalling has also been linked to stress tolerance. The transcriptional regulation of GA metabolism appears to be a major point of regulation of the GA pathway, while emerging evidence for interaction of the GA-signalling molecule DELLA with components of the signalling pathway for the stress hormone jasmonic acid suggests additional mechanisms by which GA signalling may integrate multiple hormone signalling pathways in the response to stress. Here, we review the evidence for the role of GA in these processes, and the regulation of the GA signalling pathway on exposure to abiotic stress. The potential mechanisms by which GA signalling modulates stress tolerance are also discussed.

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          Journal
          24353205
          10.1242/jeb.089938

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