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      Combination ACE Inhibitor and Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist Therapy in Diabetic Nephropathy

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          Abstract

          The benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor (i) therapy in diabetic glomerulosclerosis is thought to be largely the result of attenuation of angiotensin II (AngII) effects on blood pressure, glomerular hemodynamics and hypertrophy, and tissue fibrosis. The present study was undertaken to determine whether the addition of AngII receptor antagonist therapy to ACEi therapy in diabetic nephropathy results in attenuation of AngII effects beyond that achieved by ACEi therapy alone. Seven patients were studied as inpatients on the General Clinical Research Center each for 3 consecutive weeks as follows: week 1, the patients’ usual regimen which included daily oral moderate to high dose ACEi therapy; week 2, the patients’ usual regimen plus oral losartan (an antagonist (a) of the angiotensin type 1 receptor, AT1) 50 mg (n = 3) or 100 mg (n = 4) daily; week 3, return to the patients’ usual regimen. Diet, physical activity, and blood glucose were held as constant as possible during the three weeks of daily testing. We found that plasma renin levels increased significantly during combination therapy and then returned to baseline values with discontinuation of AT1a therapy: mean baseline renin values (week 1) 3.0 ng/ml/min ± 1.1 SE, mean renin values during combination therapy (week 2) 7.0 ng/ml/min ± 3.2 (p = 0.0078 by Wilcoxon rank sum test), mean renin values after discontinuation of AT1a therapy (week 3) 3.9 ng/ml/min ± 2.0 (NS compared to baseline values). In addition, 2 patients developed transient hypotension when losartan therapy was initiated. During this short-term study, 24-hour proteinuria, serum creatinine, serum potassium, and plasma aldosterone were not changed significantly by combination therapy. We conclude that in patients with diabetic nephropathy addition of AT1a therapy to ACEi therapy attenuates AngII effects better than ACEi therapy alone. We suggest that combination therapy for the management of diabetic glomerulosclerosis merits further investigation.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Angiotensin receptors and their antagonists.

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            The beneficial effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition with captopril on diabetic nephropathy in normotensive IDDM patients with microalbuminuria

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              AJN
              Am J Nephrol
              10.1159/issn.0250-8095
              American Journal of Nephrology
              S. Karger AG
              0250-8095
              1421-9670
              1999
              February 1999
              22 March 1999
              : 19
              : 1
              : 1-6
              Affiliations
              Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
              Article
              13417 Am J Nephrol 1999;19:1–6
              10.1159/000013417
              10085442
              © 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, Tables: 4, References: 31, Pages: 6
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13417
              Categories
              Clinical Study

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