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      The Role of Sodium and Potassium Ions in the Contractile Response and Development of Tachyphylaxis to Angiotensin II on Vascular Smooth Muscle

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      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Angiotensin, Smooth muscle, Norepinephrine, Ions, Tachyphylaxis

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          Abstract

          The role of sodium and potassium ions, and the possible involvement of the membrane sodium pump has been studied in the development of a contractile response to, and the development of tachyphylaxis to, angiotensin II. It is suggested that a membrane depolarization may have a role in the mechanism of the contractile response to angiotensin II, as responses of the rabbit aorta to angiotensin II were selectively inhibited in K-free medium. Acute or chronic increases in medium sodium, however, did not influence the response of the rabbit aorta to angiotensin II. On the rat aorta increased medium sodium concentrations potentiated the response to angiotensin II and inhibited the development of tachyphylaxis. Membrane depolarization or hyperpolarization does not appear to be part of the mechanism of development of tachyphylaxis to angiotensin II on the rat aorta, as response to both NE and angiotensin II were inhibited equally by exposure of the rat aorta to K-free medium, i.e., nonspecific desensitization occurred, as opposed to the specific desensitization which defines tachyphylaxis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1979
          1979
          19 September 2008
          : 16
          : 4
          : 169-176
          Affiliations
          Research Division, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio
          Article
          158204 Blood Vessels 1979;16:169–176
          10.1159/000158204
          © 1979 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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