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      Reliability and construct validity of the Online Cognition Scale in the Portuguese (Brazil) version (OCS-BR) Translated title: Confiabilidade e validade de construto da Online Cognition Scale da versão português (Brasil) (OCS-BR)

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          Abstract

          ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate construct validity and reliability of the Portuguese (Brazil) version of Online Cognition Scale (OCS-BR). Methods Portuguese (Brazil) versions of Online Cognition Scale (OCS), of Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and socio demographic questionnaire was applied to a sample (n = 359) of health university students. Construct validity evidence was verified through the factorial and convergent validity by Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and internal consistency and stability analysis through Cronbach’s alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) respectively. Discriminative power of items were analyzed using item-total correlation and point biserial correlation. Results OCS-BR presented satisfactory evidence of construct validity. The instrument showed Cronbach’s alpha of 0.91 and ICC of 0.91. Conclusion Portuguese (Brazil) version of OCS shows items consistently gatherd to measure the Problematic Internet Use (PIU) construct, it is considered s stable instrument in time and with sufficient evidence of construct validity.

          Translated abstract

          RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a validade de construto e a confiabilidade da versão em português (Brasil) da Online Cognition Scale (OCS-BR). Métodos As versões em português (Brasil) da Online Cognition Scale (OCS), da Internet Addiction Test (IAT) e um questionário sociodemográfico foram aplicados em uma amostra (n = 359) de estudantes universitários de saúde. A evidência de validade de construto foi verificada por meio da validade fatorial e convergente pela Análise Fatorial Confirmatória e pela análise da consistência internal e estabilidade pelo alpha de Cronbach e coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (ICC), respectivamente. O poder discriminativo de itens foi analisado usando a correlação item-total e a correlação do ponto bisserial. Resultados A OCS-BR apresentou evidência satisfatória de validade de construto. O instrumento apresentou o alpha de Cronbach de 0,91 e ICC de 0,91. Conclusão A versão em Português (Brasil) de OCS mostra itens consistentemente reunidos para medir o construto Uso Problemático de Internet, sendo considerado um instrumento estável no tempo e com evidência suficiente de validade de construto.

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          Most cited references 41

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          A cognitive-behavioral model of pathological Internet use

           R.A. Davis (2001)
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            The association between internet addiction and psychiatric co-morbidity: a meta-analysis

            Background This study evaluates the association between Internal Addiction (IA) and psychiatric co-morbidity in the literature. Methods Meta-analyses were conducted on cross-sectional, case–control and cohort studies which examined the relationship between IA and psychiatric co-morbidity. Selected studies were extracted from major online databases. The inclusion criteria are as follows: 1) studies conducted on human subjects; 2) IA and psychiatric co-morbidity were assessed by standardised questionnaires; and 3) availability of adequate information to calculate the effect size. Random-effects models were used to calculate the aggregate prevalence and the pooled odds ratios (OR). Results Eight studies comprising 1641 patients suffering from IA and 11210 controls were included. Our analyses demonstrated a significant and positive association between IA and alcohol abuse (OR = 3.05, 95% CI = 2.14-4.37, z = 6.12, P < 0.001), attention deficit and hyperactivity (OR = 2.85, 95% CI = 2.15-3.77, z = 7.27, P < 0.001), depression (OR = 2.77, 95% CI = 2.04-3.75, z = 6.55, P < 0.001) and anxiety (OR = 2.70, 95% CI = 1.46-4.97, z = 3.18, P = 0.001). Conclusions IA is significantly associated with alcohol abuse, attention deficit and hyperactivity, depression and anxiety.
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              Modification in the Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Internet Addiction

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                jbpsiq
                Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria
                J. bras. psiquiatr.
                Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil )
                0047-2085
                1982-0208
                March 2017
                : 66
                : 1
                : 19-28
                Affiliations
                orgnameUniversidade Federal de São Paulo orgdiv1Health Informatics Department Brazil
                Pernambuco orgnameUniversidade de Pernambuco orgdiv1Biologic Sciences Institute Brazil
                orgnameFundação Oswaldo Cruz orgdiv1Sergio Arouca Public Health National School Brazil
                Pernambuco orgnameUniversidade de Pernambuco orgdiv1Medicine College Brazil
                orgnameUniversidade Federal de São Paulo orgdiv1Psychiatry and Medical Psychology Department Brazil
                Article
                S0047-20852017000100019
                10.1590/0047-2085000000146

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 44, Pages: 10
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